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Historical sights. Miass old and new: description

There is a granite obelisk on the territory of Russia, on which you can see the inscriptions: on the one hand - "Asia", on the other - "Europe". This remarkable place is the geographic boundary of 2 continents, it extends along the pass through the Ural ridge, in a place where the railway, slightly winding, approaches the Miass valley. The obelisk is located 40 kilometers from Miass.

In this article, we will describe in more detail Miass. The sights of the city and the surrounding nature are magnificent and worth a special attention.

General information

Wanderers and guests in these amazing places are opened with delightful pictures of the magnificent mountain nature: green dense forests, numerous mountain ridges, merging with the main ridges of the Southern Urals. On both sides of the Ilmen ridge, from the south to the north, there are numerous blue lakes. The huge territory of the river valley allows the beautiful city of Miass to expand from year to year. It stretches along the coast more than 111.9 km² along the Ilmen and Chashkovsky ridges.

The main attractions of Miass are in the more ancient part of the city. It is a city of three centuries: copper, gold and iron. The most important for the development of the city, of course, was the golden age that came in 1823, when numerous placers of gold were found on these territories. For about half a century, the Miass Valley was considered the main storehouse of Russian gold.

Miass Attractions: description

Among the mountain chains and green forests 10 kilometers from Miass there is a beautiful ski center called "Sunny Valley". Comfortable comfortable slopes, the presence of a modern lift, rental equipment and a great recreation base attract many tourists.

From the dam of the city pond offers a beautiful view of the Miass of the Copper Age. This part of the city is notable for the strict rectangular layout of the city of the past centuries. This is due to the fact that the mining department at that time was equated with the military, so everything was built here in a certain established order.

The center of the ancient city is one of the best architectural mining ensembles of the whole Urals. Here once was located copper smelting plant, which resembles an ancient building with a portico of six columns.

Interesting and other attractions. Miass old small, but there are many monuments of the past.

Not far from the center is a rich shopping center with merchants' mansions, an abundance of shops, shops and workshops. This is part of the Miass of the golden age. Here it is impossible not to pay attention to the ancient mansion - the magnificent palace of Egor Simonov (gold miner). The former trading houses of other merchants famous throughout the country are also magnificent.

The presence of a large number of man-made reservoirs is also striking in the city. They are monuments to the very golden age, natural attractions. Miass on its territory has many such lakes. In their place were the quarries, where gold was extracted from sandstones.

History of education of the city

The history of Miass is similar to the history of almost all the cities of the Chelyabinsk region.

Back in the 18th century, when the wealth of the Urals was studied and mastered, the mining enterprise became rapidly developing. L. Luginin (a native of the merchants of Tula) bought in the 70's iron plants in Zlatoust and Troitsk, built a plant for copper alloy near the Miass River near the Chashkovsky Mountains, where in those days were discovered large deposits of copper ore.

Since then, the date of the signing of Catherine II petition for this construction is the day of the founding of the city - November 18, 1773.

Economic development

The history of the city keeps in itself the evidence of its unique destiny - historical sights. Miass has become economically developed mainly due to the gold found in these places. The development of its largest deposits is the main part of the history of this city.

In the first half of the XIX century, almost the entire valley of the river. Miass represented a huge goldfish. In total, at that time (1836), 54 gold mines and 23 placers were under development here. It should be noted that in 1842 Nikifor Syutkin (master) discovered one of the largest nuggets in the world weighing 36.2 kg, which was called the "Big Triangle".

New Miass

The Miass of the Copper Age and the Golden one is separated from the modern city, which grew during the Soviet period, by the railway. There is also a new railway station. Its interior is colorful: it is decorated with marble, cast iron and other stones of local rich mineral resources. Below are some more interesting sights. Miass is rich in them.

  • The dam of the city pond is the first building built on the site of a modern city.
  • The area of Labor is the place of construction of the Miass factory in 1776. At the same time, this place was considered to be a factory, trade and church square (the first stone church was built), and it was called the Church church.
  • The mosque (XIX century) in the center of the Miass factory. At one time a beautiful minaret was attached to the building throughout the Southern Urals. Approximately in 1925 the mosque was closed, and now its fate is being decided.
  • "Miasszoloto" not far from the area of Labor was built in the late 19th century at the expense of Zharov (gold mining). The building is built in eclectic style with a facade decorated with beautiful stucco molding.

In conclusion about the reserve

The sights of Miass are not only historical and architectural constructions, which are the most important values of the city. In the Golden Valley its wealth is lakes and the state Ilmen Reserve, bordering on the outskirts of the old city.

The road to it goes steeply uphill. On the cut down areas on Ilmen-tau, among the old darkened houses, more modern buildings of the museum and the laboratory and administrative building are whitewashed. The first contains a rich collection of minerals in the South Urals. Here there is practically the entire chemical system of Mendeleev elements.

The reserve, which is currently a major scientific center, is represented by more than 800 species of plants, among which there are many relict glacial periods.

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