Isolation of snot and swelling in the nose are very unpleasant symptoms. Most often they are caused by colds. But it also happens in a different way. Today's article will tell you about why there is swelling of the nose without a cold. Causes of the disease and treatment options will be presented to your review.
Symptoms of swelling in the nose
How does the swelling of the nasal mucosa manifest without a runny nose? A person who has encountered such a problem can not breathe normally. He loses his sense of smell, he can not even feel the sharp smells. With a strong puffiness in the mucous membrane, the patient does not have to breathe with the mouth at all. All this is not only unpleasant, but also quite dangerous.
With a long time in a similar state, the mucous membranes dry out, become inflamed, and cracks and erosions appear on them. To treat this problem is more complicated than the banal stuffiness. Therefore, if you have a swelling of the nose (without a common cold), the cause should be established as soon as possible. A specialist can do this correctly.
Principle of puffiness development
How does puffiness appear? When the microbes and viruses get on the mucous surface, a protective reaction arises. On the inner surface of the nose there is hyperemia, the vessels dilate, redness of the membranes is noted. In this case, the person feels swelling and difficulty breathing. In this way, the body tries to protect itself from penetrating the infection in depth. Most often at the same stage, the patient appears abundant secretion, just snot.
But what does the swelling of the nasal mucosa mean without a cold? If there are no liquid secretions, then several possible developments are possible:
- Infection is not present, and the hyperemia has arisen because of an external stimulus.
- There is an infection, but the mucus secretions dry out very quickly.
- The edema is so strong that a thick secret can not come out of the sinuses of the nose.
- There is contact with a solid object, which provokes irritation.
Consider what has swelling of the nose without a runny nose and how to cope with it.
Physiological cold in newborns
Often babies of the first year of life suffer from swelling of the nasal mucosa. The symptoms are as follows: the baby sleeps with his mouth open, snores, during the feeding, swallows air and makes grunting sounds. Parents have a feeling that the baby's nose is full of snot. But this is far from the case. On the contrary, the mucous membrane of the baby's airways is strongly over-dried. It often happens in a warm room or with insufficient humidity. Promotes the appearance of crusts in the nose thick mucus, which remains in the upper respiratory tract after birth. There is nothing terrible in this state. But how to help crumbs? What should I do if I have an edema of the nasal mucosa in my baby?
Treatment involves the organization of comfortable conditions of stay: humidity of air more than 50%, temperature not more than 22 degrees, abundant drink and spacious clothes. In addition, it is permissible to use preparations based on sea water, for example, "Aquamaris", "Otirin More". They will moisturize the surface of the nose, soften the crusts and, if necessary, remove the pathogens.
Swelling of the nose in pregnancy
Future mothers also often face nasal congestion. This happens on different terms. It is clinically confirmed that every second woman experiences swelling of the nose during pregnancy. It is caused by hormonal perestroika. During this period, progesterone predominates in the body. It has a relaxing effect on muscle tissue. The same effect is applied to the nasal mucosa. Vessels are expanding. The situation is aggravated by the fact that future mothers increase the volume of circulating blood.
There are no specific drugs to correct this condition. Future mothers are not recommended to use medicines. Therefore, specialists allow only salt solutions to be used. They relieve swelling due to their composition. Salt attracts excess fluid, reducing its content in the mucous surface of the nose. If the stuffiness is so strong that the expectant mother is forced to breathe through the mouth, the doctor can prescribe vasoconstrictive medications. Use them yourself is not allowed.
Medicated rhinitis, or How to get used to the drops
Why does a person have swelling of the nose without a cold? Causes may be concealed in the misuse of vasoconstrictors. As you know, they can be used no more than three days. Some manufacturers allow the use of drugs for up to 5 days. Only a few types of medication can be used for a week or even 10 days. All these restrictions are prescribed in the instructions. But not every consumer adheres to it.
During the application of vasoconstrictive compositions, the mucosa appears. Vessels in it narrow, due to which hyperemia and swelling go away. Breathing after such a simple manipulation is restored in a few minutes. If the recommendations of the doctor and the advice of the instruction are disregarded, the mucous membrane and blood vessels will quickly get used to such "spurting" with drops. As a result, a person can not breathe normally without them. Often, such patients are called "naphthysine dependent". It's hard to get rid of such a problem. The longer you use medicines, the more you need them, the drops begin to help less and less: first the drugs work for 6 hours, then 4 and so on. It comes to the fact that breathing with their help is not alleviated at all. To correct this pathology, doctors prescribe corticosteroids ("Tafen", "Nazonex"). Regular use of salt solutions is also prescribed. Persons with naftizine dependence sosudosuzhivayuschie drugs are contraindicated.
Rhinopharyngitis or back runny nose
A person can feel congestion without a runny nose due to the occurrence of posterior rhinitis. Often children face such a problem. Parents note that at first the baby sneezed, after which he had a spout, but there was no snot as such. In this case, you can hear a characteristic squelching when breathing.
If the doctor conducts an examination of the patient with such complaints, the rhinoscopy of the nose will show the posterior rhinitis. The doctor may call it a rhinopharyngitis or nasopharygitis. With such a pathology, the nasal mucosa becomes inflamed, but the outflow of secretion does not go out, but inside. In this case, a red "flowering" throat is often noted. The problem can be complicated by bronchitis or pneumonia, as mucus enters the larynx and lower respiratory tract. Treatment of nasopharyngitis involves the use of vasoconstrictive drops for three days (if it is not contraindicated), treatment of the nose with anti-inflammatory compounds (Pinosol, Chlorophyllipt), use of immunomodulators (Grippferon, Cycloferon). If the bacterial rhinitis is proven to be attached, then antimicrobial compounds are prescribed (primarily on the basis of amoxicillin).
Neoplasms or the presence of a foreign body
Stasis and breathing disorders can be symptoms of a person having a cyst in the sinus of the nose. This is a very unpleasant pathology, as the neoplasm gradually grows and can completely block the clearance for passage of oxygen. Treatment of this disease is carried out surgically. Preliminary rhinoscopy of the nose is performed. After the procedure, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory and antihistamines, antibiotics for topical use can be recommended.
If a polyp or cyst is not found during the study , a foreign body may be present in the sinus of the nose . This problem is often faced by children. During the game, the kids can put a bead, a small ball or toy in their noses. In this case, the mucous surface, which comes into contact with a solid object, is irritated, and there is swelling. In this situation, you can not hesitate. Know that you can not solve the problem on your own. Be sure to consult a specialist for extracting a foreign object from the nose.
Severe swelling of the nose without seclusion of snot occurs when tissue is damaged. If you had a nose injury, the field of which you noticed a difficulty breathing, then, most likely, there is damage. This does not necessarily have to be a fracture. Even a crack in the nose or damage to the septum is manifested by such symptoms. Externally, it looks like this: a person is having difficulty, and then completely stops breathing through the nostrils, the mucous membrane is irritated and has a red tint, there is a discharge of blood from the nose, the skin on the face in this area has turned red and even become bluish.
A surgeon and an otorhinolaryngologist are involved in the treatment of a nasal injury. Doctors conduct an inspection, and then make their verdict. In some situations, nasal tampons are required and bandages are applied indefinitely.
Home methods of diagnosis: what can you do yourself?
Is it possible to remove the swelling of the sinuses in the home? Everything depends on the cause of the pathology. Determine it with maximum certainty. Use this method only if you are not accustomed to vasoconstrictive drops :
- Enter medications to remove the swelling in each nostril (observe the dose specified in the instructions).
- Lay down on the side where there is stuffiness of the nose.
- After 5 minutes, turn to the other side.
If the obstruction has moved to the other side, then it is a question of rhinopharyngitis, curvature of the nasal septum, abundant accumulation of thick secretion (sinusitis, sinusitis). When puffiness persists in its place - the case in the presence of a foreign object, a cyst or a trauma to the nose.
From the article you could find out why and how the swelling of the nose arises. If you suddenly encounter such a problem, it is better to consult a specialist than to guess on the coffee grounds. The doctor with a high probability will put the correct diagnosis and will give you the right treatment. Free breathing!