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Dance French: folk and old

Dance is an important part of national culture. Its roots lie in ancient times. People have long since thrown out their strongest emotions in dance: love, hate, happiness and sorrow. One of the great ones said: "Movement is life." Therefore, the dance can tell a lot about the traditions and history of the nation in which it originated, as well as the mentality of people.

Art of rural and urban

The French dance in the old days was exclusively folk. It was performed wherever people gathered. For example, on the field during harvesting, when the sun was baking, and the peasants took a break to catch their breath and have lunch. In the evening in a tavern after a hard day, the drunken Frenchmen poured out their energy with the help of dance. At the fairs semi-professional artists (similar to Russian buffoons) "made" the townspeople cheerful music and dances.

An ancient French folk dance, which arose in a peasant environment, is called branl. This is a well-known round dance. Practically all European nations have circular dances. This is due to the ancient cult of the sun. Branl was accompanied by singing. This is a fun and fast dance. Branl was very popular in France in the 13-15 centuries. There are regional variations of such a dance.

Branl is based on a step to the side with a pritop. Sometimes this dance was performed with jumps. This branl was called gay. In the 16th century, this ancient dance began to be performed at courts. Very beautiful branl with a candlestick. The host, holding a large candelabrum, exchanges it with the lady, who herself becomes the main one. At the heart of such a branl is courtship. Dance includes respect marks - curtsey and bow.

Mosaic movements

The French dance with the name burre appeared in the province of Auvergne. The famous gavot was also born there. These dances were transformed into courtiers, and then entered the arsenal of classical ballet. In modern choreography, the term "burr" refers to steps of a particular type.

Farandola is a Provencal dance. It is based on motions that have the form of a circle, in particular, rotation. In the Middle Ages, Farandola was performed in a dance.

The ancient French dance of Rigodon originated in Provence. The peasants of this province have been energetic and cheerful for a long time, so there are a lot of active movements in the yard, such as bouncing on one leg, spinning. In the 17th century, this dance was performed at the courts of aristocrats. Later, rigodon becomes the property of instrumental music. Lully, Rameau and Handel included him in their suites. In the 19th and 20th centuries, rigodon became the object of attention of composers who stylized the music of the past.

Funny dances

An ancient French dance of the Paschal originated in the north of the country. The likely region of its origin is Normandy. This dance is very ancient. In the old days it was performed with the accompaniment of bagpipes, so the music of the paschier usually contains repeating elements. And the famous minuet from the peasant dance of the province of Poitou turned into a symbol of chivalry and elegance of the era of the King of the Sun.

The French dance, called the Sabotier, was performed in special shoes. They were wooden shoes with slightly curved up toes. Sabo - the so-called shoes. It was usually hollowed out of a single piece of wood. Sabotier is a relatively slow dance. Clumsy shoes prevented rapid movements. Sabotier is characterized by pritopes and blows with hard shoes on the floor.

Democratic art

In the 19th century, the French dance received new incentives for development. After the revolution, city entertainment was significantly democratized. There were also new dances. Cotillon is known since the beginning of the century. Translated from French, this word means "skirt", as well as "circular construction of pairs." Cotillon - a kind of mix of all the dances known at that time. He could include the figures of a waltz, an ecocase, a mazurka. The movements were chosen by the leading performers and signaled to the musicians about them.

Quadrille dancing couples in which partners are opposite each other. This is a fast and fun French dance. The name of his figures is very original. The movements were determined by the words of the song that accompanied the dance, and were called "pants", "summer", "chicken", "pastoral".

The symbol of Paris

The quadrille variant is the famous cancan. He appeared in Paris in the third decade of the 19th century. The cancan was danced in the Moulin Rouge cabaret. It became a symbol of entertainment places and red light district of the past. Initially, the cancan was performed by individual artists. For a long time it was considered obscene because of twine and high swings feet. In the English version, the cancan was danced in a line. In the early 20th century choreographers combined solo performance with ensemble. So there was the famous "French cancan", known to us by the female squeal and laughter.

The most popular music accompanying the dance is the play by Jacques Offenbach from the operetta Orpheus in Hell. Today, visitors to the Moulin Rouge come to see the most famous cancan that serves as a visiting card of Paris.

In the 20th century, French art demonstrates the emergence of new dances. They are often called street. It is with France that link the vertigo - a kind of electro dance.

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