Woodburning. Burning wood for beginners

Burning on wood is an art that first appeared at the end of the last century in the Russian capital. At first, this technique was used to make matryoshkas. Subsequently, this method of artistic processing of wood was called pyrography.

A bit of history

The first apparatus, which was intended for burning, proved to be imperfect. They worked on gasoline, which heated the platinum needle. In order to maintain a constant temperature, the person involved in the burning had to constantly pump up gasoline with the help of a foot pedal. Although the process proved to be time-consuming, pyrography became more and more popular every day.

Basically, the technique used to make matryoshkas, it's only after many years that the drawings for burning wood have become more diverse and beautiful. As nesting dolls became more popular, from laborious pyrography had to be abandoned, and in its place came the painting. But they did not forget about the burning, and now this technique was used to decorate caskets, caskets and other wooden objects.

Modern device

Burning wood for beginners has become very simple and accessible technique after the electric appliance was invented. Now it could be used to decorate products made of leather, bones, paper and other materials.

The composition of the simplest electric torch includes: a step-down transformer, a rheostat, handles and interchangeable filaments, which are also called pins. Professionals recommend that the rheostat be replaced by a laboratory transformer, which makes it possible to receive high quality fires of different tonality.

Burning wood at home involves the use of a factory-built school instrument. Such an electric burner, in general, is used for contour and tonal drawings.

Burning wood for beginners

To the first time not to be disappointed in their skills and pyrography in general, you need to know all the subtleties of this kind of needlework. For the picture you need to take soft hardwood, for example, aspen, linden, poplar or others. It is also necessary to take into account the fact that some wood species can ignite at a temperature of approximately 150 degrees, while others sustain about 250 degrees. Therefore, it is better to choose a soft material, so the firing process will be easier and faster.

If you want to perform a more complex drawing, then you should use carbon paper. In addition, you need to consider that in order to keep the surface of the tree clean and tidy, you can use the way that real masters use. To start, the pictures for burning out the wood are transferred to tissue paper. After using glue from starch or flour paste it on the wood itself. The very process of burning should be carried out on cigarette paper. When the picture is finished, the paper is carefully removed.

To start mastering the technique of pyrography you need from some easy and simple design, for which complex pins are not needed. This term means brackets of different sizes, made of nichrome wire, which can be in diameter from 0.3 to 1.5 mm. To make a pin, you need to cut the wire and use the pliers or round-nosed pliers to give them the desired shape. To make it more rigid, the wire must first be forged with a hammer. Although you can not complicate the task and in a specialized store to buy a set of different pins.

Important aspects

  1. Burning on wood is worth starting after the pin is hot and a small flame tongue is visible from it, which should not be accompanied by smoke. In this case, you can conclude that the gasoline is of high quality, the device works perfectly and the temperature for burning is optimal.
  2. If the flame is extinguished, and you smell burning, then, most likely, the ventilation hole is clogged.
  3. When the tip of the pin is heated unevenly, this indicates that the gasoline that you are using was of poor quality, or the heater is not heated enough.
  4. If during the period of work you needed to take a long break and the tip has cooled, do not again heat it by blowing in air saturated with gasoline vapor, as this can lead to clogging.
  5. It is very important during the burning out period to clean the pin from slags, as it will not work well, cool down, and the picture will eventually turn out to be bad and sloppy. It can not be cleaned with a knife or other metal object, as this can damage and damage the pin.

Reaction methods

You should understand that you can not erase the burner lines like a pencil, so you should not make any mistakes and mistakes in your work. To avoid such problems, it is recommended to attach the wood obliquely. The hand in which you will hold the burner must necessarily have a good support. In this case, you can conduct smooth lines, and they will not go to the side. In addition, it is recommended to perform the entire drawing in one sitting. If you do not have that much time, then at least start by drawing the outline of the picture, and after a certain period of time the background.

Burning on wood: important rules

To get a beautiful and lively drawing, it is recommended to use lines of different thickness and hue. The first aspect depends on the speed of the red-hot pin, that is, the faster you move the device, the thinner the line will turn out, and vice versa. To control the hue, you need to monitor the air supply and tip temperature: the higher it is, the darker the line. To quickly cool the pin, you need to touch it to a cold stone surface, for example, it can be marble, brick or granite. The device for burning through a tree should be used like a pencil, that is, it must move easily, without any pushing and braking.

At the beginning and end of the line, you need to be especially careful, since you can ruin the drawing. At an angle, the strokes need to start from the top and do not burn at once to full depth. For the beginning it is recommended to work as a chisel and only then to finish all with a pin. To make the strokes, the appliance should be flat. In order to decorate the background, you can use pins with figured tips.

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