Your baby suddenly vomited. What to do? The first - do not treat this negligently, writing off everything for elementary overeating. But we should not panic either. Hysteria is not a good helper. What kind of first aid for vomiting in children can be provided at home?
To answer this question, it is necessary to understand what vomiting is caused. What to give in the vomiting of a child, how to give, give or not give anything at all, will depend on a number of reasons. In children of different ages, the causes of vomiting are also different. In newborns, vomiting in 9 cases out of 10 is caused by the congenital pathology of the digestive system. It begins on the first day of life. More often it is very abundant, sometimes with impurities of bile, blood, feces. Since the child at this time, as a rule, is in the hospital, he is supervised by a doctor who prescribes either therapeutic or surgical treatment. But there are cases when vomiting in babies begins at home. A child regurgitates a small amount, up to 30 ml, of milk or water. There are several reasons for this:
- He was overfed.
- He swallowed air together with milk.
- Inconvenient position of the child during feeding.
- Unsuitable infant formula.
- Rapid change in the position of the baby's calf after feeding (fed and immediately put in the crib)
- Underdevelopment of the digestive tract in infants.
Regurgitation from these causes is considered normal. If the child remains active, gaining weight well, he does not have a fever, then you do not need to worry about such vomiting and you do not need anything to give your child either.
Somewhere after 2 weeks of life, babies may have vomiting caused by pyloric stenosis. Its distinctive features are very abundant and frequent, up to 20 times a day, with a fountain, vomit masses resemble cured milk. What do they give for vomiting in this case? Warm water, and, as often as possible. You need to give a little, just a few drops, but often. Otherwise, dehydration occurs. Call of a doctor in this case is necessary, since such a child needs a surgical operation.
But the baby grew up. To him already 2, 3, 5 years and more. All the fears and worries of the first days of his life have subsided. In their place came new ones. Vomiting that opens up in a child at this age can also be caused by many causes. Regardless of them, parents first of all should calm the baby, wash him, if he stained his face with vomit, rinse his mouth. The causes of vomiting can also be quite "harmless", namely:
- The child ate.
- He does not want to eat what is forced on him.
- After eating he began to somersault, to play about.
What should I give when I vomit a child in such cases? The best is the regedron. If it is not at hand, you can prepare the solution yourself. It is made simply - one liter of water dissolves 1 teaspoon of table salt, half a teaspoon of soda and two tablespoons of sugar. You can also give a drink unsweetened weak tea, broth of wild rose without sugar, mineral water, rice broth or broth of herbs lemon balm, valerian or horsetail. Decoction of herbs will help the child to calm down. For their preparation 1 spoonful of collection is poured with boiling water, wrapped and allowed to stand for 1 hour. The baby should be given in small portions, but often. If vomiting occurred once, you should not call a doctor.
If the baby has vomiting fever, the vomit has blood, bile, mucus, a sharp unpleasant odor, if vomiting is accompanied by dizziness, diarrhea, abdominal pain or any pain, if any deterioration in the child's condition (lethargy, weakness, loss or deterioration Vomiting , severe nausea), if vomiting occurs frequently, the parents must immediately call a doctor.
What should I give when I vomit a child until the doctor arrives? Only water (or rather a special solution such as a rehydron, which allows you to prevent the loss of salts). No drugs can not be given. In cases where the condition of the child is not very severe, water can be replaced by a weak unsweetened solution of green tea. Both water and tea are given in very small portions, not more than one or two teaspoons, but often, every quarter of an hour.
There are cases when vomiting is necessary. If the child ate something bad, the stomach got harmful substances or there are other indications of an urgent rinsing of the stomach, the child is given a drink in the amount of 1-3 glasses and causes him to vomit. In water, you can add a few drops of the solution of potassium permanganate. In such cases, it is also important to know what to give when you vomit a child. You can prepare a weak saline solution or a solution with activated charcoal. To do this, 2 tablets of coal pushes and stir in a glass of water. Feed the child after washing the stomach can not. If the kid asks you to eat, you can give him croutons.
In the case of such vomiting, the doctor is called upon, based on the condition of the child.