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What is the deepest river in Russia?

Russia is considered one of the most water-rich countries in the world. On the territory of the state there is a huge reserve of fresh water. Along with this, some densely populated areas of the European part of the country lack water resources. About 12.4% of the entire territory of the state is occupied by surface water. At the same time, about 84% of them are concentrated in the eastern part of the Urals.

Deep rivers of Russia

One of the greatest water flows of the country is Lena. This is not the deepest river in Russia, but it is among the most abundant in the world. Its length is 4270 kilometers. The annual water flow in the estuary is about 15.5 thousand m3 / s, the basin has an area of 2,478 thousand km2, and the average long-term runoff is about 490 km3. Another large river in Russia is the Ob. It is one of the five largest in the world. Its length is 4345 km, the catchment basin has an area of 2975 thousand square meters. Km. It is formed at the confluence of Katun and Biya in the Altai region. In addition to the source, the water area is a typical lowland river. It is characterized by small slopes and a wide swampy valley, in some places reaching a width of more than one dozen kilometers. The largest river in Europe is the Volga. Its delta has an area of 19 thousand square meters. Km. The Volga starts from the Valdai Upland and then connects with the Caspian Sea. Amur is the main river in the Far East. Part of the catchment area of the water area is located on Chinese territory. The Amur was formed at the confluence of Argun and Shilka. The river is considered to be one of the significant rivers on the territory of the Russian Federation. Here, the average annual water flow is 12800 m3. The average long-term waste volume is 403 square meters. Km. Cupid is navigable all over. The most developed here is timber-logging and water transport. What is the deepest river in Russia? About this later in the article.

The deepest river in Russia

The most high-water flow in the country is the Yenisei. It is not only the deepest river in Russia, but also one of the largest on the planet. The length from the source of the Great Yenisei is about 4100 km, the Small Yenisei is more than 4200 km, from the place of their confluence - more than 3480 km. Annually, the Yenisei takes out about 624 m3 of water to the Kara Sea . This is more than all the rivers located on the European part of Russia can bear . The deepest river valley is at the Aspen rapids - 66 meters. The Yenisei is a natural boundary between the Eastern and Western parts of Siberia. This river begins in Kyzyl, at the confluence of the Small and Great Yenisei.


Yenisei is classified as a mixed river, with predominance of snow, food. This water area is characterized by a rather intensive formation of in-water ice. In the course of certain sections, powerful ice sheets can form. Flood begins usually in May, rarely in April. During the spring drift, "congestion" appears. For the most part of the river , summer floods and a prolonged spring-summer high water are typical. Snow supply accounted for slightly less than 50% of the total volume, rainfall - up to 40%, underground - up to 16%. The Yenisei begins to freeze in early October in the lower reaches.

Economic use

Yenisei is not only the deepest river in Russia, but also the main waterway in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The main ports and piers are such cities as Igarka, Maklakovo, Turukhansk, Yeniseisk, Krasnoyarsk, Abakan and others. Regular navigation is carried out to the mouth of the Sayanogorsk, and sea vessels are also rising to Igarka. Downstream there are large hydroelectric power plants: Krasnoyarskaya, Sayano-Shushinskaya, and Mainskaya. A river raft also is carried along the river. By the end of the 19th century, a canal was built connecting the Yenisei and the Ob (Ob-Yenisei Canal).

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