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Types of skin. Genuine Leather. Leather products

Natural leather is always in price. This material is popular and in demand. For example, leather shoes will not lose their original appearance for 5 years, and with proper care, and even more. However, in many respects, the quality of the product depends on other factors, for example, dressing and the type of skin used when sewing a certain thing.

At present, skin types are so diverse that it is sometimes very difficult for an inexperienced customer to make their choice. Studying the range of products, you can see a significant difference in pricing. How is this explained? In order to answer this question, you need to study all the characteristics of this material.

For example, few know that certain types of skin are worn in different ways. Some are pleasant to the touch and soft, others wear out quickly, others need careful care, etc.

In this article we will try to tell you about the most common types of skin. Describe the ways of dressing. Also, let us tell you for what specific things this or that species is suitable.

Pig Leather

Let's start our acquaintance with the cheapest kind. This is pork skin. Noble and luxurious it is difficult to name. This material is used for the production of budgetary clothing options, that is, so-called consumer goods, for example, shoes, jackets, less often raincoats. Unfortunately, this acquisition is not very pleased with the owner, since this type of skin does not differ longevity, practicality, and, most unpleasant, quickly and completely soak. If you compare the quality, then it is inferior only to artificial leather.


The skin of a noble wild animal, bakers, is most often used for making gloves. Sometimes you can find shoes, it is very soft and comfortable. Its peculiarity is that the longer the product wears, the more pleasant the sensations. This material has indisputable advantages - impeccable quality, durability and durability. Thanks to the original appearance, things look chic, but they are hardly suitable for the classical style. However, it is not affordable to buy such products, as their cost is quite high.


So, like bakers, it is used for sewing gloves, but the products will cost a little less, which makes them more in demand and available to more buyers. The skin is durable and practical, like many other types of skin. Its distinctive feature is a funny appearance. Products made of capybari leather are ideal for everyday use.

Bull's skin

Inexpensive, but quite strong form - bovine skin. It is very thick and tough, does not get wet at all. It is very difficult to judge whether these qualities are related to merits or demerits. Everything will depend on what kind of product is sewn from it. It is also worth noting that the rustic appearance somewhat spoils the overall picture. It is recommended to purchase belts, bags of such material, but jackets and shoes will be inconvenient because of heavy weight and stiffness. Ideal for such a leather for tightening furniture, car interiors, rudders and seats, as it has a high level of durability.

Cow's skin

The most beneficial option for the price-quality ratio is cow leather. It is widely used for making shoes. Such material is strong enough, but it can be a bit harsh, especially if the skin of an elderly animal is already used. If you compare with a bull species, the price is slightly higher. But it fully pays off the appearance, which, of course, for branded products will not work, but for the average range is quite decent, even noble.


Veal - strong and soft leather, often used to make bags, jackets, shoes. It is very soft and pleasant to the touch, widely used in the manufacture of branded products. Excellent quality has a full impact on pricing, but there is no absolute certainty that high-quality leather was used in the manufacture of expensive items. Often on this kind of material, embossing is practiced, imitating the characteristic skin pattern of exotic reptiles, such as the monitor, snake, crocodile. Of course, such a production can be called a fake, but things are of high quality.

Does not matter

A rather popular and popular species is not leather. Very often, this kind is used to make men's gloves, as it has the necessary qualities:

  • Strength;
  • Durability;
  • Perfectly protects from a piercing wind;
  • Keeps the heat well.

This skin is also widely used for shoes. Such models are very expensive, but high-quality and comfortable. Great demand for deer suede. Even model shoes from such skin will be worn like slippers.

Sheepskin leather

Because of the high cost of buying a product from sheep's skin is difficult. And it's not just the price. Manufacturers rarely use such material, most often only for individual orders. It can be used for sewing jackets, belts, bags, gloves, but these products will be premium-class with an appropriate cost. To the touch it is very soft, but sturdy, the weight of the finished product is small. Elite models are things made from the skin of a lamb.

Goat skin

An excellent option for making branded accessories is goat leather. Due to their high density and strength, belts, purses, wallets meet the stated requirements. Goat skin gloves can also be purchased. They are very soft, pleasant and comfortable with constant use. However, such characteristics are fully reflected in the price of the goods.

Cordoba Leather

Famous French, American, Italian and English footwear manufacturers often use the skin of horses. It is quite peculiar, has a special shine, because of which unaware people believe that this is an artificial skin. Cordovan does not require special care, however, due to high rigidity, pronounced creases may appear. Advantages of such material are strength and durability, and it is also capable of keeping heat very well, which is an excellent quality for shoes. The cost of such products is quite high.

Crocodile skin

Kinds of skin reptiles are highly appreciated. For example, such shoes can cost from 1000 dollars. The characteristic of the material is a certain figure, which gives the product originality. It is worth noting that the quality of crocodile skin is also at a high level - it is super strength, durability, which can not be compared with other species.

This material can be divided into three categories:

  1. Leather alligator - the most expensive option, is used only for the manufacture of truly elite and exclusive products that have no analogues.
  2. The crocodile's skin can be referred to the average range. On sale is more common than the first option, but only a few will be able to buy products of this level.
  3. The skin of the caiman in this group is the cheapest. It is distinguished by a certain rigidity, which is unusual for other species, and also significantly inferior in quality and service life.

Basically, such a pricing policy is explained by the complexity of dressing and expensive crocodiles.

Snake skin

Just like the crocodile skin, snake refers to the premium class, but a little cheaper. In production it is used for the production of exclusive models, differing in design originality and informal approach. Such products are not suitable for daily life, they are acquired for meaningful events, where influential people of society gather. It is worth noting that when you wear snake skin products, you will have a stunning effect.

It is soft and pleasant to the touch. For the production of things most often use the skin of a python or cobra.

Ostrich skin

The elasticity of ostrich leather allows it to be used for sewing comfortable shoes, outerwear, accessories. All products belong to the "luxury" class. This material is characterized by the presence of volume and a certain texture, which from a distance resembles the skin of a chicken. Ostriches are grown on specially equipped farms. Due to the fact that they have soft leather, the products are very comfortable and comfortable to wear.

Ways of processing

Considering products, you can see the difference in the appearance of the material. Sometimes it is barely noticeable, but it can also be very clearly expressed. Why can one type of skin differ from one another? This may depend on the quality of the raw materials. But, as a rule, this factor is affected by skin dressing. There are a lot of processing methods, it is thanks to them that the canvas acquires a characteristic texture. List them all is simply unrealistic, and this knowledge is not needed by an ordinary buyer. Let us dwell on the most basic nuances.

Smooth skin

This is the most common type of dressing, represented by a huge assortment of different products. These are shoes, jackets, raincoats, accessories. In the care it is quite simple, does not require certain knowledge. It features practicality and durability. Such a cloth is soft, it gives pleasant sensations in bodily contact, but not very thin, which indicates strength. There is such a thing as skin classes. It is this indicator that characterizes the quality of the product, for example, calf means that the material is of good quality.

Polished Leather

Skins of animals, passing through chemical treatment, acquire a beautiful shine. Their surface is perfectly smooth, without pronounced structure. Such natural leather in comparison with other types of finishing is less qualitative and harsh, which makes it not very popular. Also, people who prefer such products, with distrust refer to shiny surfaces.

Adjusted skin

The very name says that during the dressing with the skin, manipulations were carried out to hide defects. Typically, for this, the treatment is carried out with various chemicals, and then covered with paint. It is impossible to attribute such an option to quality products. The manufacturer's label should indicate corrected / corrected-grain leather, which gives a clear description of the material. Buy these products only if the price will be fully consistent with quality.

Grainy skin

Specific skin dressing allows you to give the canvas an original, informal appearance. The quality of such a product will depend on the consciousness of the processor company. Used for sewing shoes, however the granular skin requires proper care. Products can be worn in rainy weather, as if you follow all the rules, the material is hardy enough and can last a long time.

Vegetable tanning

This kind completely eliminates chemical treatment. The skin has a noble look and is pleasant to the touch. Very soft, which can lead to scuffing. As a rule, such defects are accompanied by a color change. The cost of products made from such a skin is quite high, however, this does not indicate an impeccable quality. The skin of vegetable tanning requires careful care and careful treatment.

Vachetta leather

This kind of skin is very moody and delicate. It is processed with minimal impact, in which absolutely no chemicals are used. Products made of such material are not intended for everyday use. They can not be wetted and contaminated, otherwise they will spoil. Basically, the material is used to make exclusive accessories, bags, rarely belts.

Sanded leather

As a rule, poor quality skins are polished. To do this, remove the top layer. During grinding, all possible defects are eliminated, and the canvas takes a very decent look. This dressing allows the use of two layers of skins: from the top sew high-quality products, and from the middle-budget shoes. If compared with other methods of processing, ground leather is the cheapest.


A variety of polished skin - velor. It is distinguished by the presence of small pile. Can not boast of high performance. It is afraid of interaction with water and dirt. The service life can be estimated as short-lived.

Lacquered leather

Patent leather is very smooth, with a pronounced luster. This effect is obtained through the use of a certain technology. On the top layer of the skin is applied a special agent (plastic), which forms such a peculiar surface. Typically, patent leather is used for the manufacture of shoes and bags, less often belts. It requires careful handling and special care. You can use these products, observing some restrictions, for example, the temperature regime (from -10 to +25 degrees), you can not wear it during the rain. Also a disadvantage of such shoes is a low ability to "breathe".

Patinated leather

A special kind of treatment is patinated skin. After dressing, she gets an old look. With the right design looks noble and majestic. The quality of such material depends directly on the materials used. In wide production is rarely used, because it has a high cost and a specific appearance, which can be appreciated by real gourmets.


Nappa leather - a special way of processing skins of cattle. Thanks to such dressing, the skin acquires a good elasticity, softness and smoothness of the surface. Cloth is easy to paint. Suitable leather for jackets and gloves, and sew both women's and men's models. It has a special shine, so when you purchase the product you need to be guided by personal preferences. In the rest it is quite a quality material.


This kind of skin is reminiscent of suede. It is pleasant to the touch, velvety and gentle, quite high quality. Its advantage is good air permeability. However, before buying a product, you should pay attention to whether the protective layer is applied to the surface of the skin. As a rule, manufacturers indicate these data on the label. Of course, it will be somewhat problematic to look after such material, but if you wear shoes in dry weather, it will last a very long time. And accessories from this material generally look just gorgeous.

Leather suede

A common type of skin is suede. It is very widely used in the manufacture of sewing bags, gloves, shoes, outerwear and other products. Just worth noting that you need to look after it carefully, it can not be washed, but only cleaned with a special brush. However, the advantages of this material is much more: excellent air conduction, softness, elasticity, etc. The velvety surface brings pleasure at the touch. When buying products from suede, you must be extremely careful, as there are many counterfeits of different quality on the market at present.

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