Many poets addressed the image of the sea in their works. It was first sung by ancient authors. Thus, the hexameter coming from Ancient Greece is associated with the noise of incoming waves. The image of the sea in poetry has changed over time and the development of literature. The most important role was assigned to him by romantic poets. The sea at them symbolized the ideal of romantic freedom. Pushkin's creativity also did not do without using this image.
The poem "To the Sea" the poet wrote in 1824, at a crucial period for himself. At that time, the poetry of Alexander Sergeyevich underwent changes and moved from romanticism to realism. We can say that this work just ended the romantic period in the poet's work.
Before analyzing Pushkin's poem "To the Sea", it is necessary to understand the genre it belongs to. This creation absorbed all the best of Alexander Sergeevich's poetic baggage: both phonetic skills, filled content, lyrical mood, penetration, and high emotionality. The poem "To the Sea" in its construction is a lyrical monologue - the reader seems to be listening to the author's conversation with the sea. I must say that Pushkin used his works frequently in his work to submit a work in this form. This manner allowed him to maximally open up and convey to the addressees all their thoughts and thoughts. As to which literary genre belongs to the work "To the Sea", the analysis of the poem by literary scholars allowed to conclude that this is a philosophical elegy, since the poet's own experiences lie at the basis.
Pushkin's poem "To the Sea" begins with the parting of the lyrical hero with "free elements", which makes him feel sad. The first part of the work is dominated by a specific biographical, personal aspect. Then the readers open the author's worldview. For him, the sea is the same as the world of the human soul, so it is so attractive. The water element is capricious and capricious, like man's impulses, unpredictable, like his secret desires. The sea can be peaceful, quiet or, on the contrary, terrible, promising death to people. But in the same way people can perish by surrendering to the power of impulsive impulses and insane passions.
Not only the world of the human soul, but also the fate itself, Pushkin concluded in the image of the "free element". "To the Sea" is a poem about the unpredictability of the water element: it willfully play with people and can bring both joy and unexpected death. With unpredictable sea waters, the author likens love - a feeling that subdues any aspirations and deeds, which at the same time can bind the will of man and become a kind of "captivity of the soul".
At one time, various literary critics studied the work "To the Sea". An analysis of the poem, conducted by them, pointed out to readers that Pushkin violated grammatical norms. The fact is that when a poet turns to the sea, he uses the verbs of the masculine gender: "You waited, you called ...". Although any schoolboy knows that the word "sea" is a neuter noun.
Napoleon and Byron
Then Pushkin turns his thoughts into the historical plan. "To the Sea" (poem) continues with the author's memories of Napoleon, a man of extraordinary destiny who found his death on St. Helena, near the sea. Another romantic hero, Byron, appears in the work. Two of these images - Napoleon and Byron - Pushkin binds together for a reason. English lord wrote a lot about the outstanding French commander, he was very interested in his personality.
Civilization and nature in the work "To the Sea"
Analysis of the poem makes it possible to trace the motive of sadness in it. He appears at the very beginning of the narrative, when the lyrical hero is sad at parting with the sea, then passes through the author's memories of the death of Napoleon and Byron's death and goes on to an impersonal, non-personal, philosophical plan: "The fate of people everywhere is the same: where the good is there already On guard or enlightenment, or tyrant. " A characteristic feature is that Pushkin equates tyranny with enlightenment. In the poet's understanding, a civilization that forcibly deprives a person of freedom and interferes with the natural course of his life is a "tyrant". Contrasting the world of nature and the world of civilization has always been traced in Pushkin's work (remember Onegin and Tatyana, the old gypsy and Aleko). In this same poem, the natural motive is not brought to the fore, it is only guessed, it serves as an alternative to tyranny and enlightenment.
The work ends with a life affirmative. The author, saying goodbye to the sea, promises to keep in his heart the image of the "free element" and live in accordance with the ideal of natural, natural man.
"To the Sea" - an analysis of the poem. Artistic means
Pushkin in his work uses a variety of means of expression. These are epithets ("proud beauty", "deserts are silent," "carefree way"), and metaphors ("I was fettered"), and rhetorical questions ("What to regret?") There are also anaphores, comparisons, inversions, Periphrases, appeals, due to which the impression of a sincere conversation between the author and the sea is created. In the work the poet resorts to Slavs ("Breg", "voice", "fishermen") and words of high style ("good", "ruler", "crown", "tyrant").
There is no doubt that Alexander Pushkin is a master of exquisite literature. From the first lines of the poem "To the Sea" we are faced not only with a painting, where both "blue waves" and "proud beauty" of the sea element, but it also seems that the sound of waves is actually heard. This effect is achieved due to a certain combination of sounds "ni" - "shine", "farewell", "sh" - "heard", "noise", "h" - "hour". Also, the association with the noise of the sea is created thanks to the alternation of hissing "sh" and solemn "p". This sound tonality can be traced throughout the entire poem.
The work "To the Sea" reveals Pushkin as a singer of freedom. This elegy is multifaceted and versatile, it demonstrates the aspirations of the poet, shows the features of his era. In this poem Alexander Sergeyevich says goodbye to the romantic ideal. For him, all this is already yesterday. After the elegy "To the Sea" in Pushkin's life came a new stage.