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The most interesting facts about Mars

Since ancient times, mankind began to study the secrets of the universe. In the ancient period, the first calculations appeared, which with a certain error determined the distance from the Earth to the nearby objects of the solar system. Also at this time there was a first map of the starry sky. Among all the planets and stars that our ancestors studied, far from last place was occupied by Mars. He was visible to the naked eye in the sky. Over the years, people have studied this planet up to the molecular composition of the soil and atmosphere. Because now we present you interesting facts about Mars, based on the works of all mankind.

Mysterious name

As today, and in ancient times, the Red Planet stood out against the backdrop of more distant stars and galaxies, which we see as luminous points. Her color deserved special attention. This was first noticed by the ancient Egyptians, who constantly observed the starry sky. They called this space object simply - "her desher", which in translation means "red." In parallel, the planet was observed in ancient China. Then it was considered a star, and also called red. Its official name was received in Ancient Rome in honor of the god of war of Mars. Of course, this decision was influenced by the color - bloody, as the Romans said.

Why is Mars red?

Interesting facts about Mars began to appear in the old days, since the planet was discovered. All the peoples who studied it searched for the answer to one question: why does the planet seem red? Is it really such a shade or is it some kind of spectral illusion? Now you can answer with complete certainty that Mars really has a red surface. This color is formed due to deposits of regolith, which is rich in iron and various minerals. All this is mixed with stones, which are also tinted in a brown tint. As a result, the entire planet is covered with red soil.

Life on Mars: fiction or reality?

After a lot of satellites were sent from Earth, astronomers were able to establish new facts about Mars that relate to its atmosphere. It is known that it is thanks to the air shell that any planet can become suitable for the development of life or, on the contrary, remain deserted. So, as for Mars, the atmosphere here is very thin and very cold. It transmits solar radiation and cosmic dust through itself, does not interfere with the electrical radiation that emanates from Jupiter and Saturn. Such conditions completely exclude the presence on the planet of water or even ice, hence, life itself. Today one can say for sure that Mars is a desert that extends to the entire planet.

Relief with planetary scale

No less interesting facts about Mars can be learned by studying the relief of this planet. It, though deserted, has its mountains, plains, plateaus and depressions. So, the elevations here are the highest in the solar system, and the depressions are the deepest and the longest. The highest point of the planet is Mount Olympus (27 kilometers). It is three times the size of our Everest. The deepest point is the Mariner Valley. Its depth goes 10 kilometers down, and the length is 4000 km, which is comparable to the mainland Australia.

Volcanic scales

In addition to the highest mountain Olympus, which acquired its parameters due to long eruptions of lava, Mars also has a volcano, the diameter of which is the largest in the solar system. The mouth of this "breathing" mountain stretches along and across for 600 kilometers, which is comparable with the state of New Mexico on Earth. When you consider such facts about Mars and compare the scale of this planet with the Earth, it seems that our nearest planetary neighbor consists of a relief of incredible proportions. In this case, all the beauties of Mars - it's only land and not a single drop of water.

Ice from dust

We have already said that the atmosphere of the Red Planet does not promote the creation of life or even water on the surface or in the depths of the soil. However, on the poles of Mars, scientists have long noticed the so-called ice caps that do not melt, but only slightly change their shape. After this ice was delivered to Earth, it was carefully analyzed. Due to the fact that the temperature in the polar regions is incredibly low (below we will consider such interesting facts about Mars as its weather conditions, and everything will become clear), this ice does not respond even to the aggressive sun rays that ruthlessly penetrate through its subtle atmosphere. It itself consists of carbon dioxide and carbon dioxide. It falls into the category of dry ice and evaporates into the atmosphere in very small proportions.

Weather conditions of Mars

We have already learned a lot about the fourth planet of the solar system, but the most interesting facts about Mars lie in its weather conditions. We earthmen, the word "desert" is associated with heat, winds and a terrible scorching sun. If the desert is icy, then there are eternal snow. But Mars is a unique combination of unbelievably low temperatures and complete absence of precipitation. The air temperature at the equator drops to -60 Celsius, at poles it is as much as -130, sometimes even lower. Now let us recall the atmosphere of this planet: it is very thin. Because there are no clouds, winds and any cyclones. Along and across the Red Planet there is one landscape, only the air temperature changes.

A brief overview of the main data about the planet

We have now examined the most important and interesting facts about Mars. In short, we represent the rest of the material that concerns the Red Planet:

  • The day on Mars is equal to the terrestrial - 24 hours, but the year lasts 687 days.
  • Mars is included in the category of planets of the terrestrial group. This means that it has a hard surface and its unique relief.
  • The atmosphere of Mars is thin and consists of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and argon.
  • Mars does not have rings.
  • But he has two satellites - Deimos and Phobos.
  • In the atmosphere of the Red Planet there is no ozone layer. Therefore, the sunrise is accompanied not by joy and smiles, as on Earth, but by a lethal dose of radiation.
  • On Mars was launched more than 80 spacecraft, and only a third of them fulfilled their mission. It is believed that there is a "Bermuda Triangle" that absorbs our technique.

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