HealthDiseases and Conditions

Syphilitic chancre is one of the signs of syphilis.

Before the onset of AIDS, syphilis was the heaviest of sexually transmitted diseases. The causative agent of the disease - all known pale treponema - was discovered as far back as 1905. The bacterium received its name for a rare property - the inability to be dyed with aniline dyes. The shape of the bacterium is spiral, resembling a corkscrew.

Pale spirochete under adverse conditions, such as can create for it, for example, antibiotics, is covered with a shell and "falls asleep", thus protecting yourself from all factors from the outside. "Wake up" the same treponema after the passed course of treatment, thereby letting know that it is too early to speak about the victory over the disease.

The causative agent can penetrate the human body through microscopic cracks and cuts, which will not even be visible to the naked eye. In most cases, the disease is transmitted sexually, but other ways of transmission of infection are possible.

Symptoms of the disease

Syphilis can for a long time not show any symptoms at all, but only develop inside the body slowly and imperceptibly. The primary sign of the beginning of syphilis can be called a period appearing on the skin on the skin. After the rash the disease will not manifest immediately, but only after a few weeks, giving time for the spread of bacteria along with lymph and blood throughout the body.

When the disease begins to show its first serious symptoms, the patient develops syphilitic chancres, which occur exclusively in places where the infection has penetrated the body. Syphilitic chancres are small erosions or sores on the patient's body.

Primary syphilis

Syphilitic chancres most often appear on the genitals of patients, because it is in these places that the infection is transmitted from one partner to another. Chankr in men often occurs on the head or foreskin of the penis, much less often on the trunk of the penis itself. In homosexuals with syphilis, chancre can be observed on the anus or in the folds that form the anus. Syphilitic chancre in women are located on the large and small labia, on the perineum or at the entrance to the vagina, there are cases of the appearance of chancroid and on the cervix of the uterus.

In fact, syphilitic chancres can occur in any part of the body - from the mouth, to the skin. There are cases when chancres arise on palatine tonsils, in this case the disease becomes very similar to angina. However, the throat does not hurt much, but the temperature remains within the normal range.

Secondary syphilis

Secondary syphilis is characterized by a small rash all over the body, with the rash of which the body temperature is markedly increased, and the overall well-being of the patient is noticeably worse. The rash is of two kinds, and in the first case it does not cause any discomfort to the patient, so he may not even notice it, in addition, even a doctor, if he could not detect the chancre on examination, may well confuse this rash with rubella or measles. In the second case, the rash is manifested by small pustules, similar to similar rashes with smallpox. These pustules also do not hurt at all and do not show themselves at all.

Tertiary syphilis

During the third stage large knots begin to appear on the skin of the patient, the sizes of which can reach the walnut, and in other cases also the chicken egg. These nodes are called gammas. Gummas appear singly, but they are accompanied by smaller tubercles, which often appear in large groups. Such gums can penetrate into any tissues, causing their destruction. For example, everyone knows a symptom such as "syphilitic nose" - in this case, the gum germinates through the skin to the nasal cartilage and destroys it, creating a dentic effect.

In addition, syphilis quite often affects the internal organs of patients, destroying sometimes and vitally important. If syphilis does not begin to be treated in the early stages of its occurrence, then it will be quite difficult to stop the growing infection.

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