Suffixes of participles: it is understandable about the complex

What is the sacrament? There are two points of view. Representatives of the first are sure, That this is an independent part of speech. The second think that this is a special, special form of the verb. However, both those and others agree that it denotes the feature of the subject by action and is formed from the verb. "Identify" these words in the text will help the suffixes of participles.

Communion is unique in that it combines the signs of the verb (time, appearance, recurrence-non-return) and the adjective (the ability to vary in numbers, births and cases). For example, in the phrase "baby toddler" the communion stands in the form of the present time, is imperfect. Species, masculine, eminent. Case, singular. Number and is returnable.

There are participles and their own, inherent only to them signs: they can be real or passive. (The person who is washing is the one who is washed, washed - the one whom someone washed). The real - acts independently (writing, singing, beating). Sufferers have an effect on themselves (written, sung, beaten).

Precisely because these words "outwardly" resemble the adjective, the spelling of the endings of participles is determined by the same rules as the adjectives: they are checked by the question. Example: a girl (what?) Singing, washed; Boy (what?) Came, washed.

To determine whether the given form is the real or passive participle, the suffixes of the participles will help. Knowing them, it is easy to determine not only what the sacrament is, but also how correctly it is written.

Suffix suffixes in part: -em-, om-, -im-, -t-, -nn-, -en-. If the word is formed from a verb belonging to the first conjugation, then in participles (only real time!) It will be written -em- or -om-. Examples: bearable (bear), follow (lead), oscillate (oscillate).

The suffixes of real participles standing in the present tense also depend on the conjugation of the verb. From the verbs of the first conjugation, participles are formed with suffixes -yush-, -yusch-, and from the verbs of the second - with -aщ-, -ящ-.

Examples: walking - walking, painting - painting, but singing - singing, melting - melting.

The suffixes of the participles standing in the past. Time (real): -w-, -w-. Before them, the same vowel is preserved, which is in the past form of the verb before -n-. Examples: walked - walked, wore - worn, glued - glued, hoped - hoping.

Some suffixes of participles depend on which verb was their original form. It's about words like knead-stir, hang-weigh, roll-swing.

Here the rule is as follows: from verbs that end in -it, participles are formed with the help of the suffix -enne, and from the verbs on -at- with -nn-. Examples: roll - rolled, knead - kneaded, weighed - weighed. But: to interfere - hung, hang - hung, pumped - pumped up.

In order to understand the spelling of similar participles and adjectives, you must first determine the part of speech.

In the phrase wounded by a bullet fighter, the word " wounded" is a sacrament, so it is written -nn-.

The verbal adjective wounded (fighter) is written with one-n-.

Thus, if you want, you can easily understand this topic.

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