BeautySkin care

Scaly skin: causes. What if the skin is flaky?

Problems with the skin can cause a lot of trouble and discomfort. Scaly skin is one of the most common troubles that occur in the way of many women, and sometimes men. After finding out the true reasons for what is happening, you can correctly choose an effective method to eliminate this cosmetic defect.

Why does the skin peel?

It has been established that dry skin is flaky more often than other types. This is due to the insufficient intake of natural moisturizers - oil substances, which are produced by the sebaceous glands.

Flaking flakes and a feeling of tight skin can be caused by the following reasons:

  • Improperly selected means for cosmetic care and cleansing of the face and body.
  • Allergic reaction to washing powder, laundry rinse, dishwashing detergent, cosmetics.
  • Too often taking a bath or shower.
  • Climatic conditions (high air temperature, wind, direct sunlight).
  • Overdried air in winter.
  • Bad habits.
  • Insufficient fluid intake.
  • Consequences of taking medicines.
  • Dermatological diseases.

In men, too, skin is often flaky on the body or face. The cause of this can be alcohol abuse, smoking addiction and malnutrition. The sensitive skin type reacts mechanically with the appearance of redness and the formation of scales, so rubbing and using coarse cleaning agents is not recommended.

Peeling is a sign of illness?

Such a symptom may indicate a developing skin disease. One of these ailments is psoriasis, the spots at which have a pinkish-red hue, flaky and itch. The reasons that trigger the process are currently unknown. The same sign shows seborrheic and contact dermatitis, pink lichen, lupus erythematosus, scarlet fever (infectious pathology), fungal lesions. To hereditary diseases, in which scales form on the skin, is ichthyosis. The irritated surface of the dermis does not tolerate the effects of detergents (shampoo, soap, gel), and unpleasant symptoms intensify.

If there is a shortage of vitamins A and B2, the skin in the forehead, nose, and ears is strongly flaky, and cracks on the lips may appear. During the menopause, many women face a change in the state of the outer covers for the worse. So the body shows a lack of hormones, especially estrogen. There are wrinkles, flabbiness, the elasticity of the skin is lost . To find out the causes of peeling, you need to seek medical help. Specialists in this field are a dermatologist, an allergist, an infectious disease specialist, and a surgeon.

The first signs of dry skin

The characteristic features of dry type of skin are:

  • Constantly a feeling of tightened skin.
  • Matte shade.
  • Thin skin.
  • Frequent occurrence of redness.
  • Itching.
  • Peeling.

If the facial skin is dry and flaky, you should contact a beautician who will select the appropriate remedy for restoring the water balance. This type of skin is prone to the early appearance of wrinkles, which are not so easy to get rid of, and rapid aging.

Dry skin (xeroderma) can be associated with a violation of metabolism in the body and thyroid gland diseases. Deadly particles, accumulating on the surface of the epidermis, begin to peel off. Itching can cause dermatitis, so first of all you need to consult a dermatologist.

In severe cases, very dry skin begins to crack, there are abscesses. This is fraught with an infectious infection.

Scaly skin: treatment

Having found the main cause of xeroderma, you can begin to eliminate symptoms. If the problem is insufficient moisture or rapid evaporation of moisture from the surface, you need to choose cosmetics with a high content of fat components. To help medications are treated only on the advice of a doctor. Such drugs should have hydrocortisone (0.5-2%) in the composition.

If the skin on the body is flaky, it is necessary to change the gel, soap. They can give such an effect in the first place. The face is better to wash with pure water or broth from herbs. Lotions and tonics for cleansing should not contain alcohol, which causes dryness and tightens the skin.

Proper care for dry skin

Cosmetologists recommend that owners of dry skin type take water procedures no more than 2 times a day. This will help the sebaceous glands work properly and produce the required amount of natural moisturizing agents. Dry skin "likes" slightly warm or cool water, but in no case is it hot. After washing, you need to gently blot the surface of the dermis with a soft towel. Rubbing will lead to redness and irritation of the skin.

After taking a shower, always use moisturizing milk or cream. For very dry skin, you can try cocoa butter or coconut oil. Thanks to the components that contain them, the epidermis receives nutrients, minerals and vitamins. All possible peelings, scrubs for face and body should be applied no more than 1 time per week, so as not to injure overdried skin.

What can the cosmetologist offer?

Beauty salons offer the following procedures to eliminate dry skin:

  • Biorevitalization - now is the most popular way of saturation of the skin with moisture. With the help of various techniques (reinforcement, micropoups), hyaluronic acid is introduced, which will start the process of natural collagen formation. The frame, created from hyaluronica, collagen and elastin, will retain moisture and help smooth out deep wrinkles.
  • Ionophoresis - if the dry skin is peeling, then this method can restore the water balance and relieve the unpleasant sensations. The procedure consists in treating the skin on which the preparation is applied with a galvanic low-voltage current. Active ions transmit the CNS signal, and the body begins to be updated.
  • Mesotherapy - is carried out for various indications: acne, dehydrated skin, wrinkles, couperose, etc. Drugs are injected and needle-free (pulsed iontophoresis). The objective of the procedure is to increase the activity of fibroblasts. These cells are responsible for the production of elastin and collagen.

Salon procedures can be carried out only by specialists with appropriate education (cosmetologists, dermatologists).

How to choose a moisturizer?

Very dry skin on the face and body needs constant and proper care with moisturizing cream, lotion, milk, tonic. This will help protect the thin epidermis from the adverse effects of the environment - strong wind, cold air, ultraviolet radiation. Particular attention should be paid to the skin of the hands and face.

Oil-based products perfectly eliminate the lack of moisture. On the face, oil is applied from grape seeds, almonds, shea butter. For washing it is desirable to use milk, for example, Lait Demaquillant Absolu (Vichy), Natura Siberica. Problem areas on the body, where there is flaky skin, can be lubricated with olive oil.

Among cosmetic preparations it is better to give preference to brands that are represented in pharmacies: Vichy (Lipidiose Nutritive), Bioderma (Atoderm). Natural components and proven action by research will help restore skin freshness, elasticity and elasticity. The disadvantage of such funds is their cost, which is much higher than those that are available in cosmetic stores. Buying moisturizing cream, you need to pay attention to incoming components. For the skin, the one that contains hyaluronic acid, vitamin E. is best suited. The price will depend on the manufacturer and the naturalness of the ingredients. Sometimes the remedy can be picked up incorrectly, therefore it is better to seek advice from a professional cosmetologist or dermatologist.

The skin of the face is scaly: what to do at home?

At home, it is possible to prepare products that will moisturize the dried skin no worse than expensive ready-made preparations. The advantages of folk recipes include the availability of the necessary ingredients, natural origin and confidence in the naturalness of the product.

The most popular in the home production of skin care products are masks. After the first use, the result will be visible, if you take oatmeal steamed with milk (1 tablespoon) and add a spoonful of home-made cream. There are still options with honey, butter, fatty cottage cheese (with the addition of milk).

Dry skin is suitable mask with tocopherol (vitamin E). The price of the solution in the pharmacy is 35-45 rubles. (For 20 ml). Cocoa butter (1 tbsp.) Must be melt in a water bath, add 1 tbsp. L. Liquid vitamin E and the same amount of sea buckthorn oil. Also tocopherol goes well with lanolin (1: 2). Masks are held on the face for no more than half an hour, after which they are washed off with warm water or with the help of a wet sponge.

Scaly skin? Home cream to help!

Recipe with Vitamin E

  1. Brew chemist's daisy (1 tbsp.) With boiling water, insist and strain.
  2. Add half a teaspoon of glycerin to 2 tbsp. L. Decoction of chamomile.
  3. Combine the resulting mixture with camphor and castor oil (1 tsp).
  4. Finally add 10 drops of tocopherol solution.

Such cream can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.

Recipe for deep moisturizing

  1. Pulp of curative aloe (2 tbsp.) Mixed with glycerin (0.5 tsp).
  2. Add a few drops of olive oil.
  3. The resulting composition should be diluted with any essential oil (not more than 7 drops).

Recipe with beeswax

  1. Coconut oil (3 tablespoons) is mixed with clean water (3 tablespoons) and a teaspoon of almond oil.
  2. Beeswax (1 tsp) is melted in a water bath and mixed with the previous components.
  3. Then add olive oil (2 tbsp.) And half a spoonful of borax. During cooking, the ingredients must be stirred constantly.

Nutrition and diet

Scaly skin speaks about the lack of useful microelements, vitamins and liquid, which enter the body primarily with food. Therefore, in the diet should be as many useful products. Necessary epidermis vitamins E, A and B are found in various vegetables and fruits. But fatty varieties of meat, fat, smoked products, canned goods, fatty fermented milk products will have to be abandoned. Meat is generally better to eat in minimum quantities, including chicken.

If the facial skin is dry and flaky, perhaps it lacks vitamin A. In this case, you need to increase the amount of carrots, apricots (dried apricots) and green vegetables in your daily diet. Natural vitamin E is found in nuts, liver, seeds, eggs (can cause allergies, so it is not worthwhile to lean on). Hypoallergenic diet should be adhered to if the cause of dryness, itching and flaking of the skin is a disease.

Prevention of dry skin of the face and body

Adhering to some tips and recommendations, you can quickly get rid of problems with over-dried skin:

  • Try to take a shower no more than 2 times a day.
  • Soap replace gel on a cream basis.
  • Moisturizers for the body should be applied to damp, clean skin.
  • Use a protective cream if the scaly skin appears in winter.
  • During the heating season in the house, it is necessary to humidify the air with the help of special appliances.
  • On hot, sunny days, a cream with ultraviolet protection is applied to the face.

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