Santiago de Compostela - the third center of Christianity

One of the oldest Spanish cities, Santiago de Compostela is located in the western part of the country. Founded by the Phoenicians in the 12th century, the city subsequently
Became the center of pilgrimage and the Catholic archbishopric. This is the third most important center after Jerusalem and Rome. And today the majestic temples of the Middle Ages attract numerous tourists-pilgrims.

But the most famous is the Catholic Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, which has not changed since the construction. According to legend, it contains the remains of the faithful friend of Christ - the apostle James. By order of King Herod, he was beheaded. His body was found near this city. In IX, a basilica was built to store the relics of Jacob. Later in its place was built the main cathedral of the city.

The way of Santiago de Compostela is the path of St. James itself, now the famous pilgrimage road to the grave of the apostle. The cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is the final point of this famous Route, which covered a large territory of Europe. Today it is under the protection of UNESCO and is a true masterpiece of medieval architecture. The facades of the cathedral were renovated, completed and decorated in the 18th century in the baroque style. In the architecture of the temple there is a combination of Romanesque style, Baroque, Gothic and Classicism. The walls of the cathedral are decorated with sculptures by the Italian master Pigluse Matteo. They are so realistic that they look at visitors as if they were alive. The main feature of the cathedral is the holy relics of the apostle. And the museum of the temple stores a large collection of medieval exhibits, Manuscripts and books.

In addition to the main shrine, there are about forty historical monuments in the city of Santiago de Copostela. For their inspection may take several days. All of them are concentrated in the old part of the city in the central area of the Plaza to Obradorio, where there is no traffic at all. In this part of the city, close to each other are unique churches, monasteries, palaces of the early and late Middle Ages. Each of these buildings reflects its history and is worthy of close attention. Tourists will especially notice the monastery of San Pelayo, where local nuns prepare delicious sweets and cakes, as well as a university, founded in 1532 and located in a building of the XVIII century.

The central square of the old part of the city is the main goal of travelers. Here in the eastern part is the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. The hotels are located in ancient buildings and present exclusive high-class hotel rooms. One of these hotels occupies the building of the medieval hospital Razo de Rajoi. Another hotel opened in the former monastery of the Romanesque style of San Francisco. Until now, from the monastery, founded in 1214, there were only arcades in the inner courtyard. The architecture of the external facade was built in the XVIII century.

Another attraction of this area is the premise of the city council, which is located in a beautiful palace. Earlier in this building was a seminary hostel. After the restoration in 1970, it passed to the municipal council.

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