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Rahmon Nabiyev - President with a tragic fate

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, a number of independent state entities emerged, one part of which organically merged into a political alliance called the CIS, and the other chose the "European way of development."

The countries of Central Asia were also involved in this process, but the regime of government in them remained the same: a strong, consolidated power in the hands of one person. As a rule, the first secretaries of the Communist Parties acted as the manager. However, in Tajikistan there is a slightly different picture. Kahor Karimov, who was the ideologist of the "reds" and the country's leader, because of the health problems that emerged, refused to take power. Rakhmon Nabiyev became the receiver of the first secretary, who went the long way of "party functionary" before becoming the president of the Republic of Tajikistan. It was not easy, on the contrary, it was thorny.

Biographical information

Rahmon Nabiyev is a native of the village of Shaykhburkhon, Khujar district of the Leninabad region. He was born in 1930 on October 5 in an ordinary peasant family.

Already at the age of sixteen, Rahmon began working as a bookkeeper on the collective farm. But soon the young man realized that in order to take place in life, education was necessary. Having received the certificate of maturity, he successfully passes the exams in the agricultural technical school of Leninabad. After awarding the diploma, Rahmon Nabiyev decides to continue his studies in Tashkent and becomes a student of the Institute of Irrigation and Mechanization of Agriculture.

Work days

At the end of the university, a young man gets a job as the chief engineer for one of the machine and tractor stations.

In the second half of the 50's he works as the chief engineer of the repair and technical station in Sunzhensky district, and then becomes the head of this section. Rakhmon Nabiyev, being a disciplined and executive worker, acquires invaluable experience and after a while the young specialist is entrusted to the whole Main Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Tajik SSR.

Some time later, he began to combine work in the department, while performing duties of the head of the enterprise "Tajikselkhoztekhnika".

Beginning of political career and work in state bodies

In the early 60's Rahmon Nabiyev, whose biography is of some interest to political scientists, is actively involved in party work. Over time, he is trusted to coordinate the work of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Republic of Tajikistan. Then he receives the post of inspector of the Central Asian Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. But after a while he returns to his former work and manages affairs in the Central Committee of the "Lefts."

In the early 70's, the party functionary is promoted through the ranks and invited to assume a government position. Until 1973, Rahmon Nabiyev, whose photo the entire republic knows by then, works as Minister of Agriculture of Tajikistan. But this is not the last step in his career. For 9 years after leaving the post of minister, he leads the republican government, being chairman of the Council of Ministers.

For a long time Nabiyev was a parliamentarian from Tajikistan in the Soviet of the USSR Armed Forces, he was a member of the Central Audit Commission of the CPSU.

Star time struck ...

In the period from 1982 to 1985 he holds the highest position in the USSR, working as the 1st secretary of the CPSU Central Committee. In his hands were concentrated all branches of power, including executive, legislative and judicial. Rahmon Nabiyevich Nabiyev was a full-fledged master of Takjikistan. He obeyed all the officials to a single, although his own team of functionaries, who would have been loyal to him until the last, he did not have. Gradually, he began to "blur" from power and shifted the emphasis from public affairs to entertainment and carousing. Nabiev began to walk on a grand scale and even became addicted to alcohol. Naturally, rumors about the unworthy moral character of the First Secretary of the CPSU of Tajikistan quickly reached the Kremlin, and in 1985 Rakhmon Nabiyevich was asked to release such a responsible post.

Oblivion, but temporary

Naturally, dismissal for Nabiyev was a blow below the belt. He lost virtually all the privileges that the party granted him, many of his colleagues and colleagues turned away from Rakhmon Nabievich.

He decided to start all over again and found a job in the Nature Conservation Society of Tajikistan, where, after some time, he took up the post of head of the presidium of the Central Council.

In the early 90's Nabiyev became a member of the republican parliament, and in the autumn of 1991 he became his speaker.

The president

Soon the presidential elections were held in the Soviet Socialist Republic, the victory was won by the former first secretary of the CPSU of the republic. But in December 1991 the "great country" disintegrated.

Civil war is brewing

The independent Republic of Tajikistan in 1992 stood on the brink of a precipice that could spill blood rivers. There was an ideological conflict between several opposing forces: some wanted to continue building a "bright future," while others dreamed of making the country a prosperous state with strong Islamic traditions. The people demanded reforms, the adoption of a new Basic Law and the restoration of General Navjuvanov.

Nabiyev fulfilled the last demand. But people continued to grumble at the authorities, wishing to remove all high-ranking officials from their posts. The people take to the streets and start participating in mass protests. But the current president, who agreed to form a coalition government, still remains supporters.

Forced resignation

In September 1992, Nabiev went to the capital airport, trying to board a flight to Khujand to participate in the session of the Armed Forces. But in the airport building, people from the criminal environment block him. That's how Rakhmon Nabiyev was taken hostage. Oppositionists suggested that he write a document on resignation. A skirmish started. The power structures had to intervene in the situation. As a result, Rahmon Nabiyevich fulfills the conditions of the militants and resigns from himself as the head of the republic.


The politician died at his residence on April 11, 1993. The doctors diagnosed that the cause of death was an extensive heart attack. But relatives do not agree with the official cause of death, since the medical report disappeared some time, and Nabiyev's body was marked with traces of the struggle, and the position in which the president was found did not match the one that was characteristic of a person who died of a heart attack.

Nabiyev was married, he married two sons and a daughter.

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