Until recently, only a few fans of indoor plants grew pelargonium. This flower was one of the signs of "philistinism" and was not particularly popular. You could see it only in schools or kindergartens. Today pelargonium again becomes popular and fashionable. There appeared a lot of very different, often very beautiful and requiring special care varieties. They are among the last and Pelargonium tulip-like (Tulipa Pelargonium).
A bit of theory
Sometimes not too experienced lovers of indoor plants call pelargonium geranium, which is completely wrong. The birthplace of this flower is the southernmost point of Africa - the Cape of Good Hope. It is here a couple of centuries ago sailors bought the first pelargonium for European botanists. Indeed, originally this plant was attributed specifically to geraniums. It's all about its beak-shaped fruit, which is the main distinguishing feature of this family. However, later the scientists divided the genus of geranium into two parts. Winter-resistant plants are called geranium proper, and heat-loving plants are called pelargonium. Outwardly the latter from the first can be distinguished by the features of the structure of the flower. The proportionality of the buds is what distinguishes geraniums. Pelargonium tulip-like, as well as usual, has flowers with large upper and small lower petals. In the open ground, this species can not hibernate in the conditions of Russia.
Actually, tulip-like these pelargoniums are named primarily for the unusual, very beautiful form of flowers. In principle, they have the same structure as other varieties. However, the flowers of pelargonium tulip-shaped are never fully revealed. Thanks to this, they remind us of the tulips that were effectively collected in the bouquet.
What are the different varieties and where to buy tulip pelargonium
Varieties of this plant lovers of indoor flowers are grown a huge amount. Pelargonium buds can be collected in very lush or modest brushes, have different sizes and colors. There are both ordinary tulip varieties, and terry. The shape of the buds can be almost round or elongated.
All pelargonium cultivated in room conditions are divided into two large groups: royal and zonal. The first are very fastidious, the latter are relatively unpretentious. Accordingly, when growing these colors, two care technologies can be used. Pelargonium zonal tulip-shaped requires less attention than royal varieties of geraniums. However, in this case, growing has some of its nuances. Further in the article, in all details, and understand how to properly water, fertilize, cut and transplant the plants of this group.
Where to buy tulip-shaped pelargonium - the question is not too complicated. Very often, these plants are sold in specialized flower shops. Seeds of some unusual variety can also be written via the Internet. About how to grow pelargonium tulips from such a planting material, we will tell below.
Choice of variety
Sorts of tulip-shaped pelargonium, as already mentioned, there are several. The most popular among fans of indoor plants are:
Emma fran Bengtsbo.
Very often, flower growers also grow an attractive variety of Herma. When choosing a particular variety, lovers of indoor plants look primarily at the appearance of the flower. Someone likes pink terry "tulips," someone red, someone small, and someone large. Actually, the care for all these varieties is practically the same. But some species can still be a bit more capricious than others.
It is a very compact unpretentious species. The popularity of its pelargonium Herma tulip-shaped has won for very lush large inflorescences, consisting of spectacular red-orange buds. The value of this variety is not only in luxurious appearance, but also in long flowering. Buds on plants are kept from April to September.
Emma fran Bengtsbo
This is a very tall plant, requiring constant formation of the crown. When properly trimmed pelargonium tulip-shaped (the photo can be seen below) Emma fran Bengtsbo becomes simply fabulously beautiful. Its leaves are green monophonic, shiny, and tulip flowers have a very pleasant to the eyes light pink shade and a neat oblong form. This variety is somewhat worse than other varieties tolerates the scarcity of watering. With a lack of water, its leaves twist upward, and the plant loses its effectiveness.
Pelargonium Lilian Andrea
This is also a very spectacular variety. Its advantages include the compactness of the crown, the ability to bush well, the absence of large interstices. Lilian Andrea blossoms a very long and abundant variety. Buds he has just a luxurious rich raspberry tint. In this case, the very shape of the flowers is very beautiful, since each petal is slightly pointed from above. The leaves of this geranium are green, slightly velvety.
Variety of Marbacka Tulpan
This variety, many lovers of indoor plants are called an indomitable blonde. "Tulip" he has white, with a slightly pinkish tinge. In form they resemble a fluffy egg. Round bright green leaves of this variety look very neat. Like Emma, the tulip pelargonium Marbacka Tulpan is a plant that grows and requires regular crown formation.
This variety is one of the most unpretentious, and therefore popular among lovers of indoor plants of tulip varieties. Red Pandora leaves, tulip-shaped pelargonium, have classic dark green, and flowers - red with light veins. The shape of buds is pretty beautiful - slightly rounded. The variety of Red Pandora is usually grown simultaneously with pink varieties. Together they look remarkably spectacular.
The shape of flowers in this variety is simple, neat, classically tulip-shaped. The leaves are glossy with carved edges. Valuable pelargonium tulip-shaped Patricia Andrea lovers of indoor plants, first of all for a very spectacular, carmine-red, alternating with gently pink splashes of flower buds.
What is the care for tulip-shaped pelargonium?
As already mentioned, in most cases this group of indoor flowers is unpretentious. But in any case, pay attention to its tulip-like pelargonium still have to. Care for these plants includes the following procedures:
Formation of a bush;
In addition, for pelargonium it will be necessary to choose the correct place and soil.
What should be the soil mixture
The land for such a plant as the tulip pelargonium (the photos on the page clearly show how beautiful the specimens can be properly grown) will be suitable only for fertile, sod or compost. Drainage in pots is mandatory. The easiest way is to pour in the mixture a mixture consisting of sand, peat, humus and composted land in equal quantities. Such a primer will be ideal, especially for young plants. Old Pelargoniums feel good on a mixture composed of compost, peat substratum, coniferous earth and humus. Summer pelargonium tulip-shaped can be planted next to the house, in the usual turf ground.
It is important to ensure that the soil under these flowers is not particularly dense. Too much peat in the soil should not be added in any case. If the water in the flower bed or in the pots, the roots of the plants will begin to rot.
How to choose a capacity for room Pelargonium
When growing these indoor plants it is important to choose not only the soil mixture, but also the pots themselves. Clay or wooden containers are best for these flowers. Too large pot or box under Pelargonium tulip should not be taken. Otherwise, the plant will not bloom. Plastic, and especially transparent containers under Pelargonium is also not recommended. An exact explanation for this was not found, but the flower growers noticed that in these pots these plants begin to get very sick.
Of course, the container should not be too small, otherwise the flower will not develop well. The optimum diameter of the pot for a single plant is 12-14 cm. At the same time, its height should be 10-15 cm. Very often in one container, lovers of indoor plants plant 2-3 pelargonium. In this case, it is better to take a pot with a diameter of 22-25 cm.
How to water properly
The ability to store water in stems is what distinguishes pelargonium from tulip. Care at home for this plant, therefore, requires compliance with accuracy with respect to irrigation. Tulip varieties love water more than other pelargoniums. However, they can not be re-casted. Humidify the ground beneath them preferably when its top layer (1.5 cm) dries. The watering should be carried out not under the root, but through a pallet. In the latter, pour water. Then put the pot in the tray for about half an hour. Water for irrigation should be taken at room temperature, pre-boiled or stand-by during the day.
In summer, the soil under the pelargonium tulip-like moisturize once a day or two, in winter - not more than once a week. The sign of excessive watering can be the appearance of water pads on the leaves of plants. With a lack of moisture, the lower leaves turn yellow.
How to feed
Fertilize tulip-shaped pelargonium usually only in the warm season. At the same time, both mineral and organic compounds are used. It is best to feed these houseplants with "Kemir", "Zircon", "Ideal", "Mikrassa". If you do not want to spend money on them, organic organic fertilizers can be used. This can be, for example, eggshells, spiked tea, nettle infusion or swallowed dung.
Where to place the pots
Containers with pelargonium are always installed in the most light rooms. Ultraviolet these plants are very fond of. However, do not allow direct sunlight to fall on the leaves. Otherwise, they may be burned. Tulip-shaped pelargonium, in addition, with an excess of ultraviolet light, can "sport". That is, parents' genes will wake up, and their flowers will unfold completely. Of course, in this case pelagony tulip-shaped will lose its originality. If this happens, the sporting brush should be trimmed. Otherwise, such branches can completely clog the tulip-shaped variety.
In the warm season, pots with pelargoniums are usually carried to the balcony. You can do this immediately after the air temperature on the street warms above 15 degrees. Stems of high varieties should be installed with sticks. Otherwise, pelargonium can be broken by wind. In winter, these plants should be kept as possible in a cool room (11-15 degrees.). If the room in the cold season will be too warm, in summer Pelargonium may not bloom. At a short light day above a plant, it is recommended to hang a fluorescent lamp.
In too damp rooms, these flowers do not feel too good. Install Pelargonium should be in dry rooms. For the same reason, the plant is never sprayed. Also do not like the pelargonium of drafts or stagnation of air.
Make pelargonium tulip-shaped beautiful, lush and compact in two ways: by pricking or pruning. In the first case, the growth points are simply removed. This provokes the development of young shoots. Pelargonium tulip-shaped becomes more branchy and lush. Spend a pin in February or March over 6-8 sheets.
The method of circumcision is used mainly for adult plants. This method allows you to radically change the shape of pelargonium. In this case, simply cut old and too large shoots from the bush. At the same time, about 5 kidneys are left on each stem. Do this treatment in early spring.
Prishchipku need to perform clean hands, and pruning - rubbed with alcohol tools. All wounds must be treated with green or charcoal. You can also use some kind of fungicide. After pruning, the plant needs to be fed.
How to multiply pelargonium
Thus, we have found out how the spectacular plant is being carried out, such as pelargonium tulip, care. As you can see, this is relatively easy. Simplicity differs and the procedure of reproduction of these plants. As a planting material, cuttings or seeds taken from the mother plant are usually used. In the first case, vertical shoots with two or three leaves are cut from the plant. It is better to separate them from the node with the growing sheet. Inflorescences are removed from the cuttings. The landing is carried out a couple of hours after the cut. The stalk is preliminarily dipped in crushed coal. Most often young pelargonium tulip-like planted in plastic cups. The latter are placed on the southern window, and the sprouts themselves slightly pritenyayut. After filling the cup with the root system, young plants are transferred to a constant container.
Pelargonium seeds are tulip-like planted in seedlings in January or February. They are placed on the surface of the soil and lightly sprinkled. Next, the box is covered with glass or film. Picks are carried out after the appearance on young plants of 2-4 leaves. Plant Pelargonium when carried to the same depth on which they grew in a box. After 6-8 weeks, the plants are placed in permanent containers. In the balcony boxes they are planted at a distance of 20-25 cm, depending on the variety.
Pelargonium tulip-shaped - a plant rather hardy and unpretentious. These indoor flowers are rare. Most often Pelargonium is affected by gray rot or alternaria. Treatment in both cases is carried out using systemic fungicides. You can use, for example, "Fundazol".
From insects these flowers can be affected by aphids or mites. In the first case, pelargonium tulip-shaped is treated with such means as "Akarin" or "Decis". Against ticks, use Zolon or Ditox.