When we buy these fruits in stores, we rarely think about how the garnet grows and where. He associates us with the hot sun of the south, and the bright red color of the fruit even in winter reminds us of the warmth and colors of the hot summer. In this article, we will tell the reader about where the garnet grows and how.
A short digression into the history
Even in ancient times people were attracted by sparkling garnet grains. In ancient Rome, thanks to them, this fruit was called malum granatum, which means a grainy apple. In even more remote times - the era of the pharaohs - in Egypt grenades were grown in Carthage. One can imagine what tremendous efforts were made to grow these fruits in North Africa under the scorching rays of the sun.
Useful qualities and properties
The fruits of pomegranate tree contain many edible seeds (in some varieties about a thousand), divided into segments by membranes. Each of them is surrounded by flesh. Varieties of fruits are divided into sweet and sour kinds.
It has long been known that pomegranate juice contributes to a rise in blood levels of hemoglobin, so necessary for all, and also has a normalizing effect on blood pressure. Acid varieties of this fruit is useful for eating diabetics, people suffering from gastritis, angina and asthma. Sweet ones are very useful for those who suffer from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Where does the garnet grow?
The homeland of the fruit is the subtropics and tropics (North America, Central Asia), in connection with this fruit is conveniently cultivated in areas with a semi-dry hot climate. Where do grenades grow? Today this fruit is widely cultivated in the Crimea, the Mediterranean, Iran, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Central Asia. In Russia, grenades can be found in the south of the Krasnodar Territory (Anapa, Yeisk, Sochi), as well as in hot regions of the North Caucasus.
Interestingly, the garnet is also found in the wild. For example, in Transcaucasia. There it grows on stony slopes, small underbrush of pine and oak, and even in salt marshes.
Nuances of cultivation
In which countries the pomegranate grows, we have already told, now we will tell about the nuances of its cultivation. This plant is very fond of light and requires bright lighting that does not have a shadow. If a grenade experiences this, then it will not bloom. To make the fruits ripe, the summer should be hot and very long. In this winter the tree withstands frosts up to 10-12 degrees.
Garnet. How it grows
Grow it can and from the seeds, but this process is very time-consuming and long. It is much more sensible to acquire a seedling and to cultivate it. Plant trees in places where maximum access to direct sunlight. In the first month after planting, the plant is watered two or three times a week, then the process is reduced to one time in the above period.
The pomegranate plant begins to produce fruits about the second or third year after planting. It lives a maximum of 50-60 years. The peak of fruitfulness is reached approximately on 8-10th year of a life. The unpretentious nature of the tree allows it to grow well both on calcareous, clayey, pebble soils, and on its acidic forms. The garnet itself represents a shrub-like plant and reaches six meters in height.
How to grow a grenade at home
In general terms, how the garnet grows and where, we have already told. Now we turn to the question of how to cultivate this plant in the home. Of course, one of the types of pomegranate, which is popular with lovers of domestic crop production, is dwarf garnet. He begins to blossom in the second year of his life. Such a curious feature. A simple grenade starts to bloom only in the fourth or fifth year.
How does a pomegranate grow at home? To plant a dwarf plant is suitable for a large small vessel, because the shrubbery has a superficial root system. The soil composition does not really matter, but it is important that it is slightly acidic.
The pomegranate is grown without any special work even on the windowsill. The main thing is that the plant should not lack sunlight. The more it is, the more abundant the bush blooms.
The flowers of the plant are located throughout its crown. Unfortunately, at home, their number is small. Accordingly, the fruit will not be so much. But think about the fact that not everyone can boast such a plant on his balcony. Fruits of pygmy pomegranate in diameter reach 5-6 centimeters.
Approximately two times a year it is necessary to form the crown of a bush. In spring, the plant is slightly trimmed, and in autumn - more thoroughly. The soil near the bush must be constantly moist. In summer it is more reasonable to keep a pomegranate on a loggia (balcony), and from the beginning of cold weather, when leaves begin to fall off, the plant should be moved to a room where it is cooler (the desired temperature is up to 15 degrees). In the winter, the shrub is not fed with fertilizers, and in spring, when the plant has young shoots, its fertilizing resumes.
Can I raise a pomegranate at home and how?
Undoubtedly, the question of how a pomegranate grows from a stone and whether it is possible to grow it independently, the answer of gardeners will be unambiguous: it is possible, but the process will be long and difficult. To grow a plant from cuttings is much more convenient.
It is necessary to cut a fresh fruit, from it to get bones and to dry them within day. After that, the seeds are soaked in milk for the night. The next day they are sown in a loose and well-moistened soil, sprinkled with a little earth. After that, the dishes with seeds should be covered with a usual plastic bag or film and placed in a warm and soft place. This is necessary to create a greenhouse effect.
About two or three weeks later, the first shoots appear. They are white streaks. Polyethylene is removed, and plants are put in a place that has access to direct sunlight.
Here, in fact, that's all. We wish you success in gardening and plant growing both at home and at the dacha! Of course, an amateur gardener, who raised a grenade in his garden, is worthy of applause. And if the plant is cultivated at home, then it can be called exotic.