To date , cats are considered one of the most beloved pets. And, like any other living being, they are prone to disease. Cat diseases are quite diverse, ranging from colds and runny nose, ending with tuberculosis, rabies and other serious infections. And here it is very important to determine in time the presence of a violation and provide the pet with appropriate assistance.
Cat's Skin Diseases
Most often veterinarians face exactly with skin diseases, ranging from baldness, dermatitis and dermatosis. But the most well-known disease is still ringworm, which, by the way, is dangerous for the owner of the animal. Therefore, if you decide to take the cat from the street, then first, be sure to inspect it.
Ringworm is an infectious disease of fungal nature. Such pathogens permanently form a huge number of spores that persistently carry heat, cold and even the impact of disinfectants. Such disputes can be harmful to humans. Infection of cats is transmitted from rodents, mainly rats and mice. The incubation period of the disease can last up to one month.
As for the symptoms, at the first stage of the disease they practically do not manifest. And then on the skin begin to appear small, different in shape skin spots without hair. You can notice that the skin becomes grayish and covered with scales. In the absence of care under the scales, slight suppuration may appear. Itching is usually absent or weak. In most cases, the points of baldness in cats appear near the ears, on the head, limbs and tail.
A sick pet should be urgently shown to the doctor. He will prescribe appropriate antifungal agents or antibiotics. The marks and spots on the skin should be wiped with warm water and greased with kerosene.
Parasitic feline diseases
Of course, parasites are quite often the causative agent of the disease. Such pathogens are usually united under the name "worms". In most cases, cats are infected with round or banded worms. The source of eggs of parasites is infected lizards, rodents or birds, which from time to time are not averse to eating a pet.
Symptoms of parasitic infestations are quite similar. First, the cat suddenly loses weight, it lacks appetite. Sometimes there is vomiting and diarrhea with impurities of blood in the feces. By the way, if you look closely, larvae can be seen in the feces or around the anus of the animal, which look like small white grains. Next, the animal's hair loses its shine, and the stomach swells. Sometimes there is anemia. To determine anemia, it is enough to look at the gums of the cat - they get white.
In any case, you need to contact the veterinarian. To date, there are a lot of drugs designed to fight worms.
Infectious feline diseases
Despite the fact that the cat is not too prone to infections, yet it can often become a victim of a bacterial or viral disease.
Leptospirosis is a cat's disease, caused by the leptospira bacterium. The main carrier of infection are rodents - that's how pets are and become infected with the disease. To start, the cat begins fever, which is accompanied by a refusal to eat, vomiting and trembling of the limbs. Then you can see the damage to the oral cavity - the mucous membrane is covered with small ulcers and redness. In the absence of treatment, the disease can end fatal.
Rabies is another common and very dangerous disease that is caused by a specific virus. First of all, the immune system is affected. At first, there are no signs, but then the animal becomes aggressive, attacks other animals and hosts. Another characteristic symptom is the excessive saliva secretion. Within a few days, the disease progresses dramatically, leading to body exhaustion, paralysis and death. To date, there is no anti-rabies medication - if the pet is sick, then the likelihood of a fatal outcome is 100%. The only alternative is prevention, which means that vaccinations against the rabies virus are necessary .
But you should be very careful. Such cat diseases are deadly and dangerous for humans. The virus is transmitted after a bite or exchange of internal fluids (for example, if the saliva of a sick animal has fallen into the wound on the human skin). In this case, you need to see a doctor.