Chui oblast: districts, cities, history, sights

Having decided to go on a trip to the countries of Central Asia, be sure to include the route Kyrgyzstan. This republic has become one of the most interesting tourist destinations, which is not surprising, because nature, climate, culture and historical potential are recognized as unique and unique on a global scale. Kyrgyzstan is associated with high mountain lake Issyk-Kul, some have amazing canyons, others have fantastic mysterious caves. In fact, each of the regions of the republic is endowed with extraordinary natural resources. The Chui region is also memorable for tourists with its beauty and nature.


Chui Oblast is located in the north of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. It borders on Kazakhstan, Talas, Jalal-Abad, Naryn and Issyk-Kul provinces.

The Chui oblast has a central position in the republic. In addition to the fact that the capital Bishkek is located here, it is also one of the most developed regions of the country. In fact, Chui oblast can be considered the center of Kyrgyzstan, because this is the place where migration, economic and transport flows are concentrated from all over the republic. In comparison with other regions, industry is best developed here, and this has been observed since the tsarist times. The dominant role in agriculture is allocated to the cultivation of grain crops, sugar beets and vegetables.

History of Chui oblast

In 1939 the Frunze region was formed, consisting of the Budennovsky, Voroshilov, Kalinin, Kaganovichi, Kant, Kirov, Kemin, Stalin, Leninpol, Chui and Talas districts. After 3 years, Ivanovsky and Panfilov appeared, and 2 later - Pokrovsky, Kyzyl-Asker, Bystrovsky and Petrovsky. In 1944, Kirov, Talas, Pokrovsky, Budennovsky and Leninpol districts were transferred to the Talas region (the smallest in Kyrgyzstan), but in 1956 they again returned to the Frunzenskaya region. In the next two years, several districts were renamed. So, instead of Kaganovichsky Sokuluksky appeared, and Voroshilovsky began to be called the Alamedinsky.

In 1958, four districts were abolished: the Budennovsky, Petrovsky, Bystrovsky and Pokrovsky, and a year later - and the Frunze region. All its administrative regions were under direct subordination of the republic.

The Chui oblast itself appeared in 1990, at that time it consisted of 9 districts: the Alamedin, Kant, Issyk-Ata, Kemin, Kalinin (in 1993, renamed Zhayilsky), Moscow, Sokuluk, Panfilov and Chuisk, in 1994 was added Still Suusamyrsky. In 1995 and 1998 Several regions merged into one.

Administrative-territorial division

The center of Chui oblast is the capital of Kyrgyzstan - the city of Bishkek. When calculating statistics, for example, the population, the figures of the republican capital are not taken into account.

The districts of the Chui oblast remained practically the same as they were at the time of its creation. To date, it consists of 8 territorial units:

  • Panfilovsky;
  • Keminsky;
  • Zhayilsky;
  • Sokuluksky;
  • Issyk-Ata;
  • Moscow;
  • Alamudunsky;
  • Chuy District.

Big Cities of Chui Oblast

Among the large settlements can be identified:

  • Tokmak. The formation of the city, or rather the Kokand fortress, falls on 1825. In modern Tokmak there are auto and railway stations. The shuttle buses operate in different directions, unlike the railway transport, which can be reached only to the capital of the republic. On the territory of the city there are many Kirghiz, Russians, Dungan, Uzbeks, Uighurs, Tatars and Kazakhs.
  • Kant. One of the youngest cities in Kyrgyzstan. Founded in 1934, the village throughout the entire period of its existence was constantly built up: new areas appeared on the free areas of the district. And in the end, in 1985, Kant was awarded city status. Corrugated slate, cement, non-alcoholic beverages, asbestos cement pipes, beer, confectionery, mattresses and pasta are produced on its territory. The enterprises that manufacture these products are based on Kant's economy.
  • Kara-Balta. In the territory of the administrative center of Zhayilsky district, joint-stock associations, enterprises providing various services to local residents and firms involved in the processing of agricultural products carry out their activities.

What to see in the Chui region?

On the territory adjacent to Bishkek, there are the Alamedinsky thermal water deposit, as well as the small, but very beautiful canyon of Chunkurchak, located at the source of the river called Alamedin. No less beautiful are the deep mountain valleys with steep slopes - Kara-Balta, Djilamish, Aspara and Kegeti, along which the same river flows. In the Besh-Kyungey tract, the Chon-Aryk botanical reserve is located.

The historical sights of the Chui oblast are also diverse. In 38 km from Bishmek there is Krasnorechenskoe ancient settlement. This is the first object in the republic, which has undergone studies of modern science. In 50 km from the capital of Kyrgyzstan is located historical and cultural zone, famous for the 21-meter "Burana Tower". The ancient settlement of Ak-Beshim near Tokmak is the ruins of the ancient city of Suyaba, the capital of the western Turkic Khaganate. Here you can admire the medieval Christian churches, the ruins of the Chumysh Fortress, built in the 9th-10th centuries, burial mounds and rock paintings.

We mentioned the natural and historical sights of the Chui region, but have not yet told about the most important. This is the valley of the Ala-Archa River. In the oblong hollow there are many picturesque landscapes and amazingly beautiful waterfalls. The surrounding nature contributes to the establishment in Chui oblast of medical institutions, organizations of international mountaineering.

Chu Valley is one of the largest drug-producing bases

Sadly it sounds, but the Chui region is known to the whole world by the name of the drug of the same name, popularly called "chuika". For drug dealers, this place has become a real narcotics base. Presumably, the annual volume of harvested drugs is several tons.

There is an opinion that hemp in the Chui Valley was imported from Siberia during the Soviet Union. The plant had to be used in industry. That's only the percentage of narcotic substance in Russian hemp was too small, and in Asia it has significantly changed. However, most likely, the plant grew in Kyrgyzstan even in prehistoric times.

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