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Asparagus grass: description, useful properties, application and reviews

What is a sainfoin? This is the genus of plants that belong to the family of legumes. Specialists number up to 80 species of the named plant. They are represented by grass, half-shrubs and shrubs.

Botanical description

The grass of the sainfoin grows to a height of 40-80 cm. It has a long stem root (sometimes up to 3 meters) and a straight coarse stalk. The leaves have a complex shape - each of them is formed from 15-25 leaves less. Flowers sainfoin gather in a brush or ears, there are purple or white, yellow and pink hues. Brushes (spikelets) can reach a length of 20 cm.

Fetuses the sainfoin with beans saturated with protein. Seeds of sainfoins look like beans. To the touch they are smooth, have a yellowish-green hue.

The flowering period starts from the second year after planting and lasts from late spring to early July. Each inflorescence can survive no more than a day, and usually only up to 12 hours.

Where it grows

The wild plant lives, mainly on meadows, pastures, on the fringes of forests and near water bodies. The sainfoin grass is found in Southern Europe, in the north of Africa, in the west and in the center of Asia.

It is not demanding on soil, it can grow successfully in arid areas. This is facilitated by a powerful root system, which extracts moisture from deep sections of the earth. In one place, the sainfoin is able to grow up to 7 years.

Types of sainfoin

Sainfoin is a grass represented by many species, but the most common are the following:

  • The Transcaucasus;
  • sandy;
  • Sowing;
  • unarmed;
  • Vasilchenko (listed in the Red Book).

All of them are in demand on the farm. And about what is so important grass sainfoin, we will tell further.

Valuable honey

The plant is rich in honey - in just one day from a hectare of flowering sainfoin, bees can collect from 4 to 6 kg of honey. The best nectar begins to stand out from the flowers, when the air temperature reaches 22-25 degrees.

As confirmed by numerous reviews, honey sainfoin is distinguished by its rich aroma, taste and transparency. For a long time it remains fresh and does not sugar. As a part of honey, there is ascorbic acid, a lot of vitamins and minerals that a person needs. After a certain time, it acquires a tender milky tone.

Grass is a fertilizer

Perennial grass sainfoin also serves as a natural fertilizer for the soil on which it grows. In particular, the plant enriches it with phosphorus, nitrogen and organic substances. This siderat is widely used in crop rotation as a soil-preserving agent. This, according to agronomists, is one of the best predecessors, and it is embedded in the soil to restore fertility.

Fodder plant

This plant is also a valuable green food for animals - it produces excellent hay, because it is not afraid of frost and is well preserved under different weather conditions. Farmers argue that animals eating sainfoin are not prone to disease.

In addition, the sainfoin is a high-yielding grass, which gives several cuts per season. This allows you to make good hay stocks for the winter.

Useful properties of sainfoin

The composition of the part of the plant that grows on the surface includes many useful substances. These are fatty oils, sucrose, proteins, ascorbic acid, enzymes, carbohydrates, carotene and fiber. Also, the grass of the sainfoin is saturated with flavones, substances that have anti-inflammatory properties. They strengthen the walls of the vessels, so this herb is often used during the treatment of cardiovascular and oncological diseases.

The nitrogen-free compounds in its composition are also capable of normalizing the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, reducing the blood sugar and cholesterol levels in the blood, improving the function of absorbing nutrients from the consumed products.

Ascorbic acid helps to increase the resistance of the human body to various kinds of infections, strengthens the central nervous system, leads metabolism back to normal, helps to recover after increased training.

Espartet - grass, which in its composition contains vitamin rutin, which the human body is not able to produce by itself. It helps reduce blood clotting, increases the level of elasticity of red blood cells and reduces the fragility of capillaries.

Esparset - medicinal plant

Using sainfoin in men, testosterone and androgens are produced, which is good for male sexual function. According to the patients who applied the medicinal plant, they had normal sexual intercourse, erection, increased libido and increased ejaculate production. Women also praise the properties of sainfoin as an excellent aphrodisiac - it is able to increase the sensitivity of intimate zones and to inflame desire.

Esparset is a multifunctional restorative. Apply it to protect against infectious diseases, in the treatment of diabetes. It is also used for the treatment of uterine bleeding, problems with the ovaries, normalization of the menstrual cycle, hormonal background, during menopause and in the period before the onset of menopause. It is also used for painful sensations during menstruation.

The sainfoin helps in restoring and improving the functions of the intestines and stomach.
Also, herbal decoction from it is often used for cosmetic procedures. A honey of this herb is used for peeling, face masks and hair strengthening.

Contraindications for use

The plant does not have strict prohibitions on its use, but there are people who have an individual intolerance and can be allergic to sainfoin. Sometimes in women after its use there is an increased level of testosterone.

There are few side effects of the herb, but for greater confidence before use, it is better to consult a doctor.

Sowing and growing

In the CIS countries, three types of plants are mainly grown: sowing, sand and Transcaucasia. Most often use it for food purposes and as a honey plant.

The best predecessors for the plant are corn, beet and potatoes. It is undesirable to choose the land for planting sainfoin, on which the sunflower grew up before.

To improve the conditions for its growth, the upper layer of the land must be leveled and rolled (before and after sowing). Before sowing it is necessary to make sure that the earth does not have large lumps and is free from weeds. It must also be remembered that the sainfoin does not like a large level of moisture in the upper layers of the soil.

It is undesirable to plant such a plant in acidic soils, since nodule bacteria are poorly produced in them . This can be corrected by applying the liming process. Also, the asparagus shoots do not like the shadow.

Before sowing, "poor" soil should be fertilized with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers before the end of October (the fertilizer must overwinter before seeding). Seeds are also recommended to be treated with special microelements to improve germination.

The sowing begins in the spring and they do this together with the grass mixture, which later must be removed early for animal feed. The best way to sow is line. It is necessary to monitor the depth of planting, it should not exceed 2-3 cm. If the depth is greater, the sainfoin grass may not rise at all. The seeding rate at her is 100 grams of seeds per 1 hundred square meters of land. After sowing the soil must be rolled tightly.

With the correct planting, according to numerous reviews, the plant is unpretentious, easily acclimatized, calmly tolerates drought and frost. Most of all attention is demanded by the sainfoin of the sowing (vikolistny).

As you can see, the sainfoin (grass) is widely used in the national economy. The price of his seeds is low: on average they cost 40 rubles per 1 kg.

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