EducationThe science

Age features and interpersonal relationships

Each age and stage of development has its own characteristics. For example, the manifestation of the human "I" at the age of 3 years, interest and attraction to the opposite sex among adolescents, worldly wisdom and life experience of the older generation.

Age features of a person affect his character, actions, relationships with surrounding people and behavior in general. A person goes through certain age periods in his formation, each of which corresponds to the characteristic for this age mental functions and personality characteristics. They are the basis of all his actions, determine his life priorities.

Let us briefly consider the relationship "age characteristics and interpersonal relations."

From the earliest childhood the child learns to communicate with other people. The first smile, addressed to my mother, the first manifestations of feelings, new friends and girlfriends - all this is the sphere of interpersonal relations.

In infancy (approximately from the age of six months), attachment to surrounding people begins to appear in children. In most cases, children are most attached to the mother, and then to other relatives and friends. The greatest affection is characterized by the fact that in the presence of the mother the child smiles more, cries less, rather suffers something and does not show anxiety.

Emotional communication with an adult becomes in this age period the main and leading activity for the baby.

By the end of the first year, the baby has new interests that arise most often in the process of joint activity. The child discovers the world, learns the basics, studies reality. Having learned to speak, he asks a lot of questions related to surrounding objects, and sometimes just falls asleep to them adults. This manifests its age features.

With the definition of the child in the preschool, the kid has a new environment - his peers. And the basics of communicating with them are laid in the game. The child, playing, plunges into the new social rhodium. And practically for the first time it encounters the concepts of "rights and obligations". For a child of this age, it becomes an important aspect of what place he will take in the team. In the future, this can affect his character and communication with his peers at a later age, because in the circle of his peers he can become both a leader and "displaced."

Age features of schoolchildren also affect his relationships with adults and peers. With the arrival of the school the child takes on a new role - a student. And an important role in his communication is played not only by classmates, but also by the teacher. At first the child does not just learn how to fulfill all his requirements. But gradually it becomes ordinary and begins to occupy is not such an important place. The most difficult period of schoolchildren is adolescence, in which relations with others occupy a particularly important place. Here two spheres of communication are distinguished: with adults and with peers. The leading place, of course, is given to peers. Native and close, as well as other adults, recede into the background. What the friends said and thought for the child at this age is more important than what the adults said. The teenager has a great desire to establish himself and "to achieve the situation" in the team of convicts. No less important at this time for him and friendship, which leads to the fact that he begins feverishly to seek and change friends. In communicating with adults, a teenager often displays disobedience, intractability and unwillingness to obey, which, of course, irritates and frees parents and teachers. An important place in this age period is the interest and attraction to the opposite sex.

The leading motive of behavior at this age is the desire to establish itself in a team of peers, to win the authority, respect and attention of comrades.

For young people entering the period of adolescence, the most important are the two sides of communication - friendship and love. And that's why age features again. True, a special role in this period is acquired by self-determination, which becomes a priority task. For this age is characterized by a sense of respect for other people and equality. Many of the childish features are erased and the relationship acquires a tinge of adulthood, gradually moving into adulthood, where people have to face many different social roles, which leaves a mark on the system of relations.

The interrelationship of the concepts of age features and interpersonal relationships is inseparable and is composed of a whole chain of important periods of human life.

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