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Literary analysis: Tyutchev's poem "She was sitting on the floor ..."

The main themes of creativity F.I. Tyutchev became human feelings and experiences, reflections on the meaning of life, an image of the beauty of Russian nature. Verse "She was sitting on the floor ..." is a sample of the poet's romantic lyrics.

The plot of the work

If you look at the eventual canvas of the verse, you can see that there are a lot of actions in it, which usually do not exist in poetic texts. There are two heroes in the work : the lyrical hero, on whose behalf the story is being conducted, and the heroine, whom he observes. The heroine parses old letters, takes them in hand and throws them.

Creative story

Without studying the creative history of a work, it is impossible to make an analysis of it. Tyutchev's poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." is dedicated to the poet's second wife, Ernestine Feodorovna. It was created in the late 1850s. Just at this time Tiutchev experiences the deepest love experience in his life. He entered into an illegal relationship with Elena Denisyeva. Elena was much younger than Tiutchev, but real feelings broke out between them. However, the poet was married. Denisieva had the courage to be with her beloved. She had to sever all her family and friendly ties, she was not recognized in society. She gave everything for the love of Tyutchev. Therefore, the poems of these years are filled with sorrow, suffering, as analysis shows . Tyutchev's poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." is no exception. True, in him the greater suffering is experienced, rather, the lyrical heroine, the victim of a love triangle.

The idea of the poem

The task of the poet was to show how destructive power has love. Even an almost extinguished feeling causes a person the greatest suffering. After all, in this text, the heroine burns letters that her lover once wrote to her. She recalls the bright moments that were in their life. But he looks at the letters as if it were something unimaginably distant and almost forgotten.

Means of expressiveness

The poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." Tyutchev created, using a large number of means of expressiveness. Thanks to this it turned out to be very bright, beautiful and sensual. The main technique that the author uses is a comparison. "As a cooled ash," "how the soul is looked from the heights." Of course, the poet did not do without his favorite syntactic means - a rhetorical exclamation. It helps to give the text a great emotional saturation. The observer is amazed at how the heroine sorts through these letters. In every movement, pain and suffering are felt, the soul is torn, because love has passed, it is forgotten.

Another syntactic tool is inversion. Wrong order of words in sentences allows the author to place accents, highlighting segments that are important in meaning. In addition, inversion allows you to create a special rhythm of the text.

The dots that stand at the end of the lines create a certain feeling of understatement. Not everything that is now in the soul of the lyrical hero and heroine, can be expressed in words, something remains unmentioned. This is one of the main motives in Tyutchev's work. "Inexpressible" first appeared in the lyrics of Zhukovsky, later this motif was developed by other poets. Tyutchev believed that silence sometimes speaks better than words. Moreover, words are false, one can not wrap deep human experiences in a speech form, without distorting the meaning. As the analysis shows , Tyutchev's poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." this idea is confirmed precisely by dots, a kind of mystification of the internal state of the characters.

Formal analysis

The poem is written with a four-legged iambic. To arrange its rhythm help the pyrrhic and spondylitis, which are present in each line. Rhyme every four lines. The rhyme in the stanza is cross. Men's and women's rhymes alternate: "on the floor - evil", "razbalah - cast".

Emotional response

To the poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." (the year of writing 1858) for more than one and a half centuries. But what kind of familiar feelings does Tyutchev describe in him? Years and centuries go by, but one thing remains unchanged: love in a person's life is the greatest experience. Everyone wants to gain this feeling, but not always it brings happiness. In Tyutchev's opinion, even on the contrary, love is always flour and suffering, "the struggle of unequal two hearts." People fall in love with a death sentence to their second half. You can share this opinion, but you can think otherwise. But what is described in the poem, probably, at least once in a life experiences every person, even if not so much. Extinct love causes great pain. A person remembers all the good moments, is experiencing anew. Sometimes even after many years a meeting with a former lover is a pain or an aching feeling of sadness about youth, about ardor and passion. In the poem "She was sitting on the floor ..." Tyutchev creates the same feeling in the lyrical heroine, which causes old letters. The involuntary witness of this scene is given the same emotions. In turn, he as the author, on whose behalf the story is conducted, wants to pass them on to the reader.

Understand the mood of the verse allows for a detailed analysis of it. Tyutchev's poem "She sat on the floor ..." - the greatest example of psychological lyrics.

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