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How to understand the meaning of the word "canals" in different contexts

Often you can hear the saying that in Russian speech there are many more abusive words than in other languages. Refute or prove this statement is quite difficult. But nevertheless, many abusive terms are foreign borrowings. Take, for example, the noun "channel". The meaning of the word remains unclear only because it reached us through several language "transshipment points".

What connects a scammer and a scoundrel with a dog pack

According to philological sources, the meaning of the word "canal", which came from the Polish language at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries and sounded like kanalia , echoes with the German Kanaille and the French canaille .

Translation is very diverse: so you can call a scoundrel, a rogue, a swindler, a scoundrel, a cunning and even a slacker. In Russian colloquial speech, there is a diminutive and affectionate version of "kanalyushka", which is applied to a person, though narkazivshemu, but did it without malicious intent.

"Chern" or "rabble" - this is the meaning of the word "canal" in many European languages. And it was formed from the Italian cane by attaching a suffix, which gave the term plural - "dog pack". The same root is present in the word "vacation", which dates back to the name of hot summer days in ancient Greece during the period of maximum proximity to the Earth of Sirius, the brightest star from the constellation of the Great Dog.

Thus, there was a transformation of "dog packs" into a designation of the lower strata of society, some of whom could undoubtedly be immoral and unprincipled, that is, true canals.

Exclamation and surprise

To our contemporaries the meaning of the word "canal" conjures up associations with the brave D'Artagnan performed by the remarkable actor Mikhail Boyarsky. In the famous film, based on the works of Dumas, from the mouth of a young Gascon, the phrase "Channels! A thousand devils! "And this cry is uttered in a variety of situations, expressing vexation, surprise, a call to action.

Indeed, even in the old days the meaning of the word "canal" was not necessarily abusive, but could contain positive emotions with a touch of admiration. For example, NV Gogol in one of his letters assesses the performance of the prima theater: "She, the canal, sang like that! As a canary! "In this context, the word is synonymous with definitions such as" wizard "," beast "or" devil ".

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