At least once in a lifetime, allergic reactions are observed in every person. The disease manifests itself in the form of a variety of symptoms. One of the most unpleasant is allergic conjunctivitis. Drops with allergies to the eyes can help eliminate increased tear, soreness and discomfort. Such drugs have their own indications and contraindications for use. Therefore, before using eye drops, you should consult your doctor.
Why do your eyes water?
Lacrimal fluid is needed to feed the eyeball. Normally, it should not be more than 1 ml per day. When the stimulus hits the eye mucosa, a protective system works, and the special gland begins to produce a greater amount of lacrimal secretion. If the occurrence of a similar phenomenon occurs frequently, you should consult a specialist. Thus, an allergy or a heavier eye disease may occur.
If there is a history of allergy, increased lacrimation is considered the main sign of pathology. As an irritant can act pollen of plants, animal hair, dust. In addition to this symptom, sneezing, cough, secretion from the nose also appears. Eliminate an unpleasant symptom drop in the eye from allergies. The names of antihistamines: Allergodil, Lecrolin, Cromogexal, Offtan Dexamethasone, Opatanol, Tevodex.
How to deal with tearing?
The main method that will help to cope with the increased work of the lacrimal gland is eye drops. With allergies, the eye becomes sensitive to the effects of the stimulus. The latter very quickly penetrates through the mucous membrane and causes inflammatory processes.
With conjunctivitis and other types of allergies in the eyes, the patient can be helped only by eliminating contact with the irritant. A radical method will help to completely prevent the development of symptoms. But often it is not possible to completely eliminate contact with the allergen. In such cases, drug therapy comes to the rescue. In addition to systemic medicines, you should definitely use special eye drops for allergies.
The list of drugs that can stop the symptoms of an allergic reaction is wide enough. It can be both antihistamines eye drops, and drugs that have anti-edematous or anti-inflammatory effect. The most effective are hormonal agents for instillation into the eye.
When to start treatment?
With allergic damage to the organs of vision, conjunctivitis occurs in almost every case. Symptoms of the disease usually develop rather quickly. Patients complain of burning sensation in the eyes, tearing, severe itching, photophobia. And similar signs are characteristic both for adults, and for children. Observed may be symptoms such as rhinitis, dermatitis, eyelids, allergic blepharitis.
Drops in the eye from allergies
The names of the drugs that are used to treat allergic conjunctivitis, you can check with a specialist. Only the doctor determines which particular device is suitable for a particular patient. Antiallergic drugs for the eyes differ in their therapeutic effect and composition.
Drop the inflammatory processes. With allergies to the eyes, it is better to use antihistamines that can suppress the development of an allergic reaction and block the production of histamine at the local level. They can be used both for treatment after contact with the stimulus, and as a preventive measure.
If there is no timely and adequate therapy, an infection can join. In this case, eye drops against allergies should have an anti-inflammatory effect. They affect directly the pathogenic pathogens. As a part of such preparations antibacterial substances are usually available.
If the expressed symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis is not observed, but there is redness of the eyes, it is recommended to use vasoconstrictive drops. However, with seasonal allergies, they should not be used. Substances contained in their composition, are addictive and can trigger the development of side effects.
Drops for eyes "Allergodil"
An effective drug that is able to stop the signs of allergic conjunctivitis is considered to be "Allergodil" drops. The drug has antihistamine and a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. As an active ingredient in the preparation, azelastine is used. The substance interferes with the production of histamine and the appearance of an allergic reaction. Auxiliary components are sodium and benzalkonium chloride, sorbitol, disodiumadetate, hypromellose and water for injection.
With tearing, burning in the eyes, sensation of the foreign body, swelling, hyperemia, these eye drops should be used for allergies. For children , the "Allergodil" remedy can be used from 4 years. The following pathologies are indications for medication administration:
- Allergic seasonal conjunctivitis;
- Post-traumatic inflammation of the eyes;
- Off-season (year-round) conjunctivitis.
For seasonal prevention, you can also use "Allergoodil" (drops). For allergies to the eyes, the most gentle means should be used, which will not cause side effects. According to reviews, the drug "Allergodil" only rarely causes burning after burying in the eyes. Unpleasant feelings take place within a few minutes.
Mode of application
Antihistamines eye drops, according to the instructions, are dripped 2 times a day, one drop. This dosage is suitable for adults and children over 4 years. Depending on the severity of the symptoms of an allergic reaction, a specialist can adjust the dose. In a day, you can use the drug no more than four times, one drop for each eye.
The duration of treatment depends on the purpose of the drug. For example, if eye drops with ragweed allergies are used 2 weeks before the beginning of flowering, you can significantly reduce the severity of ophthalmic symptoms of the disease or completely stop them. Dosage is standard - 1 drop twice a day.
Anti-allergic drops act quickly enough. Already after 15 minutes after application the patient feels considerable relief: itching and hyperemia, tearing is eliminated.
Contraindications and side effects
The instruction informs, that it is forbidden to use drops at intolerance of components of a preparation. Otherwise, the condition may worsen and the symptoms of allergy may increase. Do not apply drops of "Allergoodil" for the treatment of children under 4 years and women during pregnancy. Side effects are fixed quite rarely. The manufacturer warns that against the background of the use of eye drops, the sensitivity of the visual organ can develop. Sometimes there is itching, burning, red eyes.
Drops of "Lecrolin"
Allergic manifestations in the eyes bring a lot of discomfort and unpleasant sensations. To prevent the development of such a pathological phenomenon, you can use the drug "Lecrolin" - drops for the eyes from allergies. The price of such a tool ranges from 90-110 rubles. The drug is produced in disposable tubes-droppers and vials.
The active substance of the antihistamine drug is sodium cromoglicate. In 1 ml of the drug it contains 20 mg. The substance prevents the development of an allergic reaction in the mucous membrane of the eyes due to the stabilization of mast cells and the inhibition of the release of histamine. Mast cells participate in the formation of immunity.
In pediatric practice, these eye drops are also used for allergies. For children from 4 years of age, they are used according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. Substances that are in the composition of drops, reduce the permeability of blood vessels, thereby preventing the penetration of the allergen. As auxiliary components Trilon B (eliminates mucosal edema), polyvinyl alcohol (promotes absorption of the active substance) and benzalkonium chloride (preservative) is used.
When to apply the medicine?
Drops for eyes from the allergy "Lecrolin" are prescribed for the treatment of allergic conjunctivitis, inflammation of the cornea, keratoconjunctivitis. The medicine can be used to eliminate allergic manifestations, caused by systematic exposure to the stimulus. Allergy specialists recommend starting treatment with antihistamine drops even before the onset of symptoms of pathology: a few days before contact with the stimulus and the beginning of flowering plants.
Eye care will help prevent the appearance of tearing, redness, itching and other unpleasant sensations, characteristic of allergies. A persistent therapeutic effect occurs on the 7th day of using the medication. The instruction recommends to drip eyes up to 4 times a day for 2 drops. Dosage can be changed by a doctor.
"Lecrolin" is suitable for the treatment of allergic manifestations in adults and children older than 4 years. Drops with allergies to the eyes are not prescribed for pregnant and lactating women, as well as for intolerance of at least one component of the formulation.
According to the instructions, the agent is able to enhance the therapeutic effect of glucocorticosteroids. Eye antihistamine drops are often used in combination with other medicines to quickly suppress allergy symptoms. However, without prior consultation of a specialist, it is better not to use such a treatment regimen.
Drops for eyes with ragweed allergies
Such a weed, like ambrosia, is considered the most common cause of the development of seasonal allergic reactions. The pollen of the plant acts as an irritant of the mucous membranes. It carries the wind for long distances. This is how the allergen gets into closed rooms, settles on clothes, skin. With prolonged contact with ragweed pollen allergy can develop even in a person who has not previously suffered from this ailment.
Increased lacrimation, puffiness of the eyelids, redness of the eyes - the first signs of increased sensitivity of the immune system to the irritant. Also there is a rhinitis (allergic rhinitis), nasal congestion, coughing and suffocation. The symptomatology of pathology requires immediate complex medication. To do this, you should take special antihistamines (tablets, syrups). Be sure to use eye drops for allergies.
List of antihistamines medication allows you to choose the most effective means. When allergic to ambrosia, experts recommend using the following eye drops:
Selection of eye care with antihistamine action should only be performed by a specialist.