Pompeii: attractions. Photos of the most interesting places with a description

Roman Pompeii, once hidden under the volcanic ash, are now a real open-air museum. Every year this place is visited by thousands of tourists who want to see with their own eyes ancient monuments of ancient culture. The city of Pompeii, whose attractions will be described in detail in this article, will appeal to all lovers of cultural tourism.

Features of recreation in Pompeii

As you know, Pompeii were buried under a layer of ash because of the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius, which happened in 79 AD. The city was in untouched condition until the XVIII century, until it was accidentally discovered by archaeologists. Excavations continued for two centuries. The scientists managed to unearth and preserve not only the ancient buildings, but also the victims of the catastrophe buried alive. Since 1961, Pompeii is open to tourists, but sometimes there are restoration works. For visitors, the historic complex is open daily from 08:00 to 19:30. Admission ticket for an adult will cost about 12 euros. In winter the museum closes 2 hours earlier.

Pompeii (Italy), whose attractions will appeal to all lovers of history, are located just south of Naples. You can get to them by train or a tourist bus. The journey time will be about 40 minutes. They leave Naples or Salerno every day. You can also come to Pompeii from Rome, but the road to one side will take almost 4 hours. Most tourists here in the summer, but the climate in southern Italy is hot, so the day the air warms to 30-35 degrees. Come here in the morning and in the evening, when it becomes cooler, or take a sunscreen and plenty of drinking water.

What to see when you arrive in Pompeii: attractions

On the territory of the complex there are many places of interest, it is almost impossible to see them in one day. As a rule, tourists hire guides who conduct sightseeing tours only on the most significant monuments of the Pompeii complex. Sights, photos of which you will see in this article, can be viewed and independently.

The complex is a unique historical monument that has no analogues in the whole world. Under the layer of ash were found hidden Roman pagan temples, amphitheater and forum. Well-preserved dwelling houses, which were built in the IV-II century BC, as well as the famous Roman thermae and bakery. Tourists are attracted to the well-preserved attractions of Pompeii. Photos with the names of the most famous of them are presented in our article. And now, in more detail tell about the most significant monuments of the city.

Pompeii Forum

It is believed that once the forum was the central part of the city of Pompeii. The sights of the complex are in close proximity to it. The main part of the forum is a vast area, which was surrounded by a portico and numerous columns. It was paved with travertine and could accommodate the entire population of Pompeii. Next to the square were secondary buildings of the forum, intended for public purposes. Among them is a municipality consisting of three buildings, and a basilica built in the II century BC. Комиции , которые служили местом для выборов и голосований. Opposite it were located the Commissions , which served as a place for elections and voting. Мацеллум - крытый продовольственный рынок, территория которого окружена колоннами. Not far from the forum is Macellum - an indoor food market, the territory of which is surrounded by columns.

In their reviews, tourists note that the forum is the most visited place in Pompeii. Most of all they liked the giant statues of the Roman gods, located here, as well as the stucco on the arches. But there are always a lot of people here that tourists have considered a disadvantage. The food booth next to the forum offers food at inflated prices, which also did not appeal to visitors.

Villa of the Mysteries

Villa Mysteries is located outside the territory of Pompeii behind the city gate on the beach, where wealthy citizens of Rome lived. According to archaeologists, it was built in the II century BC, but later it was rebuilt several times and expanded. After the eruption of Vesuvius, the villa was well preserved not only from the outside, but also inside. Historical value is the numerous murals that adorn the walls of the house. Tourists can also see them. Near the villa there is a rotunda and the remains of a hanging garden. ларарий и римские бани. Inside the building is a well-preserved spacious atrium, lararium and Roman baths.

Every day hundreds and thousands of tourists visit Naples and Pompeii. The sights are open for viewing every day, however the villa can sometimes be closed, because next to it the Roman road is restored. Tourists are advised to specify the schedule in advance by phone. еи. Entrance tickets can be bought at the ticket office near the villa or at the main entrance to Pompeii . Near the villa there are several souvenir shops and a kiosk with food.

Temple of Apollo

In Pompeii, there are many ancient temples dedicated to the Roman gods, but the most interesting for tourists is usually the sanctuary of Apollo. It is considered the oldest religious construction of the city, as it was erected in the 8th or 7th century BC. The temple was badly damaged by the earthquake of 62 AD, which preceded the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, and was not completely restored until the end of the city. The sanctuary is a building built on a high foundation, to which the staircase leads. Next to it is an altar and a fully preserved sundial. The temple is surrounded by 28 columns, of which only 2 are completely preserved. Inside the building, tourists can see frescoes telling about the events of the Trojan War. In the temple also preserved bronze statues of Venus, Artemis and Apollo himself.

The Sanctuary of Apollo is west of the city forum and is part of the cultural complex of the city of Pompeii. Sights, which work time does not differ from each other, tourists recommend to inspect with a Russian-speaking guide. аудиогид . Also at the entrance to the city you can buy an audio guide .

Lupanarius Pompeii

Lupanarians in ancient Rome called brothels. большой. Historians believe that there were at least 30 of them in Pompeii, but only one of them is open to visit, but the largest one. This lupanary is a two-story stone building, well preserved after the eruption of the volcano. The entrance to it is inconspicuous, as in all brothels of that time, and is carried out through a small door. Visitors can view ancient frescoes with obscene images, a stone bed, antique toilet and graffiti left by brothel visitors. The second floor was intended for wealthy residents of the city, but now it is not available for tourists.

Lupanari is located on the eponymous street of Pompeii, whose attractions are described in this article. Reviews of tourists tell, you can visit it as part of the excursion group, and independently. Travelers do not recommend coming here with children. Long queues at the entrance are the main drawback they mention.

Pompeii, attractions: guide to houses

Numerous apartment buildings located within the city are of interest to tourists. Entire streets and quarters have been preserved under the ash layer, which is unique for Roman culture. As a rule, guides tour only the most important houses of Pompeii. Let's talk about them in more detail.

The house of the Tragic poet was built in the 2nd century AD. It is located opposite the forum and is famous for its mosaic floor and frescoes depicting scenes from ancient Greek mythology. Near the building were opened shopping arcades. In the Surgeon's House, tourists can look at the real surgical instruments of Ancient Rome. The rich house of the Faun is built at the intersection of four streets, it is considered the most luxurious in Pompeii. In the courtyard preserved pool for collecting rainwater with a bronze statue of the Faun. Inside the building there are many frescoes, and one of them depicts Alexander the Great. Веттиев , Позолоченных амуров, Моралиста и Парфюмера. Do not miss the home of Vettiev , Gilded Cupids, Moralist and Perfume.

Stabievy Terms

термы - это древнеримские общественные бани, которые были построены в III веке до нашей эры. Stabievy's terms are ancient Roman public baths, which were built in the 3rd century BC. Scientists believe that they are preserved much better than similar buildings in Italy. The terms are located near the Palaestra (sports school), so its students and residents often visited them after classes. The complex includes spacious rooms for rubbing with oil, washing with cold and hot water. There is a dressing room, men's and women's halls, warm baths, serving as an analogue of the current sauna. фригидарий - большой бассейн с холодной водой. A separate room was allocated for the frigidarium - a large pool with cold water.

Visitors to the thermal baths can view the halls with preserved frescoes on the walls, as well as learn more about the unique heating system of Ancient Rome. The bath also shows plaster casts of several people who died during the eruption of Vesuvius.

The Great Palaestra and Amphitheater

City Palaestra was intended for sporting events and training. The inhabitants of Pompey came here to do gymnastics. The palestra is a large outdoor area surrounded by a series of columns. In its center was an outdoor pool with cold water and toilets. A separate entrance connected it with an amphitheater. Part of the structure was destroyed during the eruption of the volcano, but modern archaeologists were able to restore it. The palestra of the city of Pompeii, the sights, the photo of which can be seen in this article, is noteworthy in that its column retains the ancient Christian cryptogram.

Next to Palastro is the city amphitheater, which once could accommodate up to 20,000 spectators. It was built in the I century BC, which gives him the right to be considered the oldest known amphitheater. Visitors can view places for spectators, the arena itself and corridors. Through them on the stage included gladiators, and after the battle from here they carried the bodies of the dead and wounded. It is believed that before the arena was covered with a huge cloth tent, which protected the audience from rain and sun.

Bakeries Pompeii

At the excavations of Pompeii, 34 preserved bakeries were found, which not only provided fresh bread to local residents, but also exported it to other cities. Стабий . The most equipped of them was a bakery located on Stabi Street . Here not only baked bread, but also grinded flour on their own. For this purpose, hand mills were used, which have been well preserved to the present day. Their millstones were made of volcanic rocks. Some bakeries also had counters for selling bread.

Opinion of tourists

The city of Pompeii (sights) reviews of tourists deserved mostly positive. They talk about the unique historical monuments preserved here. Among the advantages of the complex are mentioned original sights, buildings and statues, which are unlikely to be seen anywhere else. However, tourists note that in the open air only reproductions are displayed, the originals are kept in the museum of Naples. Visitors appreciated the inexpensive entrance and availability of food stalls, restaurants and souvenir shops next to Pompeii. аудиогид на английском языке. The guide can be hired upon arrival in the complex or buy an audio guide in English.

Out of the shortcomings of tourists allocate hot weather in the summer months, because of which it is impossible to examine the city for a long time. They also did not like the crowds of visitors near important monuments. To visit them, you always have to stand long lines. Gypsum detailed figures of deceased citizens on many tourists are depressing.

Draw conclusions

A lot of historical monuments have survived in a city like Pompeii. Sights, photos and descriptions of which you saw in this article will not leave all tourists indifferent. Coming to Italy, be sure to find at least a day to see the most significant buildings of the city buried alive.

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